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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/1034


    Title: 綠營建材料收容處理場所設置之研究
    Authors: 莊昀;Juang Yun
    Contributors: 土木工程研究所
    Keywords: 綠營建;ISO 14040;生命週期評估;ISO 14040;green construction
    Date: 2005-06-30
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 17:18:29 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 天然資源隨社會發展日漸枯竭,為追求社會經濟與環境生態共生共存之永續目標,減緩人為施作對自然的衝擊,促進資源有效利用,營建工程所使用之材料勢必朝節能化及再生化方向發展。 再生利用是綠營建不可忽視的觀念,利用最經濟的成本效益維持營建產物之最佳使用年限,從處置廢棄物中做有效的資源回收再利用,以減少自然資源開發,也能減輕廢棄物對環境的污染。 生命週期評估於近年來逐漸廣泛應用於工業減廢與環境管理策略制定,其範圍包括原料的開採處理、產品製造運輸、使用服務到最終廢棄等過程中物料使用、能源耗損及各種污染加以分析,用以掌握產品從「獲得至最終處置」之間對環境所產生之衝擊,其結果可供廠商用作產品開發之決策指標、政府制定產品使用相關法規及學術界蒐集環境資料提供技術參考依據。 完善的土資場選址評估準則,包括法令規範之限制、自然環境因素分析、區位因素評估分析及經濟效益分析等四方面,而在土資場中成立實驗室,進行篩分析試驗、液性塑性試驗、比重試驗即可將營建署之土壤分類標準(B1?B8)轉換成統一土壤分類之標準,以有效分類土石方,提供收容處理場所多元發展策略依據並充分有效的再利用綠營建材料。 本研究以永續發展與綠營建為主軸,導入 ISO 14040 標準規範之生命週期觀念,以矩陣式簡約生命週期評估方法建構中間處理設備評估要項,整理現行相關法規與資訊管制系統,綜合對綠營建材料收容處理場所設置加以探討,以促進再生營建資源回收再利用,發展永續海島台灣。 As a result of society growth, natural resources is going to exhausted, and the purpose to pursue society economic and environmental ecological could coexist, we hope to reduce natural resources impact, use the effectiveness resources re-use, economizing the materials which use in construction engineering and to develop the regeneration of the materials. Regeneration on green construction being a good concept which should not be neglected, in order to maintain the best fixed of years for green construction, productivity, using benefit of cost is the most economical one, from how to handling these wastes to become an objectives of sustainable re-use. As the result we could reduce the exploitation of natural resources and environment pollution from these waste materials. Recently, in order to reducing industrial wastes and environmental management system, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has become a good solution, includes how to handling the exploitation of raw materials, shipping manufactures products, how to use a service until the final process of these wastes materials, plus an analysis to wasting resources and the types of pollution, could use to control the product from (the beginning stage until the final stage) to respond environment impact. For the result we could give factories an index in order to make exploitations for their products. Government has established a regulation for this product and academic community has collected and environmental information to become a technical basic publications. For evaluation a complete set of construction remaining soil and resources re-use field selection should includes four aspects: Limits on legal regulation, Analysis on natural environment factories, analysis on the level factors evaluation and analysis on economic effectiveness. In addition, we establish a lab in construction remaining soil and stone resource re-use field. In lab, we do sieving analysis test, liquid plastic (PL) and specific gravity test. Therefore we could transfer the soil classification standard to effectively classify soil and stone fully re-use the remaining soil and stone out of construction. These paper basically on growth of sustainability and green construction as become the significant shaft, transmit to ISO 14040 guidelines about the concept of life cycle, by using life cycle assessment method to handle equipment, solves the regulation and information system, in order to advanced Taiwan’s sustainability development.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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