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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/1068


    題名: 多水庫聯合營運最佳化之研究;Research Of The Multi-Reservoirs union Optimal Operation
    作者: 廖恒凱;Hen-Kai Liao
    貢獻者: 土木工程研究所
    關鍵詞: 最佳化;網路流動問題;水庫營運規劃;線性規劃;optimization;network flow problem;reservoirs operation plan;linear programming
    日期: 2005-06-16
    上傳時間: 2009-09-18 17:19:25 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 近年來,全球氣候變化異常,使水庫之水源枯榮不定,且隨著人民生活水準提昇,用水需求與日遽增。因此,水庫常面臨缺水的危機。此外,傳統的水庫操作,多以人工以水庫運轉規線進行水源調配,不僅費力耗時且精度較差,因此,本研究提出多水庫聯合營運最佳化的模式,整合上下游水庫的水源,透過最佳化的解析下,得到最適合的供需水量。 本研究站在水庫管理當局之立場,針對多水庫整合營運之環境下,以最小懲罰成本為目標,考量實務營運限制條件及資源供給下,利用網路流動技巧發展數個多水庫聯合營運規劃模式。為測試模式之實用性,本研究以國內水庫進行範例測試並利用數學規劃軟體Lingo進行求解,結果顯示本模式於結果及求解效率上均優於現況作法。 In the recent years,the change of global weather is unusual.This extraordinary phenomenon causes fluctuation of water level in the reservoir not to be normal.Also along with the standard of people's living promoted,the demand of water consumption increase abruptly.Therefore,the operation of the reservoir came to a crisis due to water shortage.Traditionally,the reservoir operated by human power to utilize the water resource.This kind of operation is not only time-consuming but also less precised.To efficiently utilize the water resource,an optimal operation model with the concept of multi-reservoirs union is proposed in this research. The proposed operation model coordinates the water sources from both the up and down stream of the reservoirs.Through the process of optimization analysis,the most suitable water supply and water demand are obtained on the standpoint of reservoir administrator.Considering both the actual operational conditions and the limited water supply,the network-flow skill is used to develop an optimal operation model.The coorperation of several resvoirs is able to achieve the goal of the less penalty cost.To test the efficiency of the proposed model,the mathematical software LINGO is applied by connecting several reservoirs in Taiwan for demonstration.From both the results and the solution efficiency,the proposed model shows its superiority to the present one.
    顯示於類別:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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