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    題名: 工程主管機關落實鋪面養護管理系統之研究 (以公路總局為例)
    作者: 童文彥;Wen-Yen Tung
    貢獻者: 土木工程研究所
    關鍵詞: expert-questionnaire;patrol scheduling;PMS
    日期: 2007-07-13
    上傳時間: 2009-09-18 17:23:52 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 目前我國道路之重心已由新工管理轉為養護管理,但各養路主管機關在有限之經費運用內,卻無一定客觀之因素決定經費之分配,為提供道路決策者具有一合理分配使用養護決策經費之依據,並訂定出一套合理之決策模式,以客觀數據化之標準決定適當之養護工法與範圍,藉此有效解決人力不足之問題。為提供使用者迅速獲得所需資訊使其在分析時做出正確的判決,便需透過資訊化與自動化之鋪面養護管理系統,進行各年度檢測結果之搜集與資料庫之建立。 本研究以目前現有之縣市政府鋪面維護管理系統為基礎,首先透過專家問卷之方式,確認公路養護人員之需求,後進行資料庫重組與關鏈性之加強。並擬定鋪面養護管理系統建置之標準流程與方案,作為各單位作為參考。系統規劃設計中,則透過各年度檢測與養護歷史資料之統計圖表分析,可提供管理者更多鋪面狀況作為參考;設立巡查排程之功能,以兩階段演算法將巡查路線進行路線改善,並透過電子郵件通知之方式,提供養護單位進行巡查及查核工作。藉此成果提升路面作業之管理效率及品質,提高養護作業與系統之結合,對其轄區內路網資訊做即時的掌握,使公路充分發揮其應有之服務功能。 The budget is limited. However, there is not an objective basis for roadway governments to decide the grant distribution. And such a lack brings a failure in making the most efficient use of expenditure. This disquisition will help to offer road-management departments criteria to make impartial allotment and also find a solution to shortage of work force. When apportioning the budget, governments will need to collect enough information of the maintenance of roads in their own districts. To make accurate decisions in strategy analysis, decision makers need a system that instantaneously provides enough information to accelerate the process. The central purpose of this disquisition is to understand what the highway engineers really demand in their routine pavement maintenance tasks by expert-questionnaire. Using the results from expert-questionnaire, this disquisition lay down a number of programs and standard procedure of establishing a pavement maintenance management system for every administrative unit to apply. Running this system can provide the engineers or managers more consultations about pavement conditions through yearly survey and historical maintenance information. The new function of this system is using a two-stage heuristics to make the patrol scheduling and reminding the engineers patrol time by email advising, which heuristics comprising route construction and route improvement is developed. To take advantage of achievements about this disquisition will promote the efficiency and quality of pavement maintenance works with the pavement management system closely. Controlling roadway network information in districts on time provides the roadway service capability ergonomically.
    顯示於類別:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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