目前國內建築相關研究單位本著以人類健康舒適為基礎，追求與地球環境共生共榮，及人類生活環境永續發展之理念發展出綠建築九大指標。其中基地保水指標即為其中一專門評估基地保水效益之指標，希望藉由基地保水之效用促進大地水循環能力、改善生態環境、調節微氣候、緩和都市氣候高溫化現象。本研究針對其施作工法與特性進行探討。目前完成國外透水性鋪面之設計現況調查分析及實驗研究、分析，歸納透水鋪面相關設計工法及成效、透水鋪面實驗區建構之監測。 本研究主要以觀音國小人行道及北91人行道透水性鋪面實驗區做一主要研究鋪面，利用監測儀器及其量測出之逕流量、入滲量及土壤含水量等數據，並將其實驗模擬結果做一比較與修正，由實驗區建置相關監測儀器，依監測試驗數據與模擬結果找出影響透水性鋪面保水量之重要因子，進行各斷面之實際保水及滲透性之驗証。 利用本研究成果，探討透水性鋪面對都市社會之益處，由人體舒適指數了解透水性鋪面之效益。歸納所有分析項目，評估透水性鋪面效益分析。 隨著「人本政策」觀念已為交通專業所接納且積極推行，中央道路主管機關對於市區道路人行環境也格外重視，道路之建設養護觀念也逐步推展至人行環境，因此建立有尊嚴、安全、舒適之無障礙人行環境遂成為道路建設及養護之當下重點課題與挑戰。 Nowadays the related study of architecture in Taiwan is based on providing a healthy and comfortable environment to people. It is to pursue a paragenesis of environment and the world and derivative nine indicators of green architecture for eternal human life development. The ground water preservation is one of the indicators for evaluating the effect of ground water preservation, which is used to improve the circulation of ground water, ecology and climate adjustment, and to alleviate the rising temperature in the urban areas. This research is to study the methods and characteristic of pavement construction on water penetration survey analysis, experiment analysis, categorized related methods and effects and monitor of laboratory of water penetration pavement test. This research was to study the water penetration effect on pavement at the pedestrian walks at Kuan Yin elementary school and north No. 91. To study the pavement, it was to use the monitor instrument to measure the amount of water penetration in and out and the aquifer in the soil. The test was designed to verify the water penetration effect and preservation on various cross sections of pavement. Through the monitor instrument at the laboratory, the data would be used for comparison and correction for finding the important factor for preserving the water in the pavement. Through the human comfort indicator by analyzing the effect of water penetration on pavement, the result can be used for studying the benefit of pavement water penetration to the urban city. The concept of people friendly has been accepted by the profession of traffic organization and promoted. The main road management bureau has paid more attention on the city roads. The concept to build and maintain the road has also been applied on the pedestrian walk. Therefore building a pedestrian walk with respect, safety, comfort, no barricade and people friendly has become an important subject and challenge for building and maintaining the roads.