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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/1543


    Title: 颱洪災害業務計畫探討-以桃園縣蘆竹鄉為例
    Authors: 吳國良;Kuo-liang Wu
    Contributors: 土木工程學系碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 地區災害防救計畫;蘆竹鄉;洪患;颱洪業務計畫;regional disaster prevention plan;Luzhu township;flood remediation program;flood
    Date: 2009-07-03
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 09:31:24 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 人類隨著工商急劇發展,持續之高度經濟成長,都市邊際地帶大規模住宅社區開發,對於自然資源的過度利用。加上近年來溫室效應的影響,使整個生態環境失去平衡。每逢夏秋之際暴雨颱洪來襲受災嚴重,亦使得政府每年投注於防洪經費甚鉅。而颱洪威脅民衆生計至大,遭受颱風侵襲,常使得農業、漁業、牧業、房屋以及經濟活動等遭受到嚴重之損害,如民國98年薔蜜颱風更造成農業產值估計損失及民間設施毀損在內高達新臺幣21.5億元。有鑑於此,撰擬符合縣及鄉鎮市需求的地區災害防救計畫就顯得迫切及重要。 目前桃園縣政府積極推動「桃園航城」,使得桃園縣人口成長在未來幾年內勢必突破200萬人,連帶著航空城臨近的鄉鎮市亦將一併帶動繁榮起來,蘆竹鄉亦不例外。未來桃園的縣政或鄉政推動重大投資建設之規模,勢必將考驗準直轄市的桃園縣層級或鄉鎮市的地區災害防救計畫。由於在都市審議階段時缺乏水利人員的參與下,使得都市規劃的配置常無考量洪患的議題,導致過度開發而造成颱風來時而淹水的發生,所以無論是縣或鄉鎮市在撰擬該計畫時,皆須考量因都市開發所衍生的洪患問題。因此在撰擬地區災害防救計畫時就必需將都市防災的概念融入,如此才能制定成符合地方需求的地區災害防救計畫。 有鑑於地區災害防救計畫的颱洪業務計畫之重要性,乃以颱洪業務計畫為中心,構思做為探討縣層級及鄉鎮市層級在該業務計畫中相互關係。期盼能夠找出問題點以予解決,並運用國家災害科技中心所製之淹水潛圖勢延伸運用至都市規劃防洪的課題,與地區災害防救計畫關係,提供研擬該計畫考量都市洪患的建議,以強化減災達到落實防災。 With the rapid development of both industry and commerce, as well as the sustained high economic growth, large edge areas of cities have become residential districts and nature resources have been overused. The government has to invest a huge amount of resource in flood prevention whenever deluges and typhoons invade. Agriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry, housing and economic activities all suffer terriblely from deluges and typhoons. For instance, Typhoon Jangmi caused estimated losses in agriculture product value and civil facilities reaching NT$ 2150 million. Because of this, proposing a regional disaster prevention plan that satisfies county and local conditions is in urgent need. Recently, Taoyuan county government intend to promote “Taoyuan Aerotropolis,” which would increase the population of Taoyuan county to over two million in the near future. The neighbor towns near Taoyuan Aerotropolis would also become prosperous, including Luzhu township. In the future, the regional disaster prevention plan in Taoyuan, a municipality-to-be, the county or towns will be under the challenge of the policies of significant investments in constructions. Since water conservancy administrator do not participate in the metropolitan discussion, the arrangements of city plan often lack of flood issues resulting in over developments that cause flood whenever typhoons come. Therefore, the flood issues that caused by metropolitan developments have to be taken into consideration in both county and town policies. Accordingly, only when the concept of city adversity prevention is merged in a regional disaster prevention plan can the plan satisfies the local conditions. In the view of the importance of flood remediction program of regional disaster prevention plan, flood remediation program is placed to the central consideration in the relationship between levels of county and towns. This study intends to identify out the problem , and apply the inundation potentials made by National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction to the metropolitan flood prevention issues as well as the regional disaster prevention plan. And to provide the Suggestions are provided in order to remediate the flood disaster.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程學系碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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