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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/1551

    Title: 台灣地區溫泉產業永續發展之研究;-以烏來溫泉公共管線工程生命週期為例- A Research of Continuity Management of Hot Spring Industry in Taiwan Area -an Example of the Life Cycle for Public Pipeline Project of Wulai-
    Authors: 黃三桂;San Kuei
    Contributors: 土木工程學系碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 溫泉公共管線;溫泉露頭;溫泉水費;溫泉產業;全生命週期;hot spring industry;hot spring origin;hot spring public pipeline;life cycle;hot spring water fee
    Date: 2009-06-20
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 09:31:34 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 摘要 台灣位於菲律賓海板塊與歐亞板塊的碰撞造山帶上,地層活動頻繁,且台灣的降雨量豐沛、地下水補注以及偏高的地溫梯度等條件,造就台灣豐沛的溫泉資源。但目前溫泉區開發普遍缺乏管制,造成溫泉資源過度消耗。政府為保育溫泉資源,將溫泉產業導向合法及永續經營,訂定溫泉法並從94年7月施行,因台灣溫泉基礎資料庫尚未建置完成,基於使用者付費及公平原則,溫泉取用費在實施初期減半徵收。目前民間溫泉業者未依法申請水權且建築物不合法的高達 8成以上,溫泉法實施後,政府將儘量輔導既有的非法業者在緩衝期限內(緩衝期限至民國99年7月1日止)合法化。 臺北縣政府為確保溫泉資源之有效開發利用,統一分配水源,將溫泉產業納入溫泉法管理,目前積極推動「臺北縣烏來溫泉公共管線工程」。以全生命週期之資產維護管理觀念,建立一套溫泉公共管線統一供水計畫,考慮永續經營及節能減碳目標,從規劃、設計、施工到營運管理等各階段全方位進行分析、評估,以獲得公共設施最佳之維護管理策略,並納入烏來風景區溫泉公共管線全生命週期之維護管理策略。經由國內外溫泉取供事業之營運模式資料收集,對當前之溫泉產業環境及取供事業的管理機制檢討,從公、民營的市場營運管理機制,或由政府公部門成立第三單位的溫泉取供事業專責管理單位進行研究。同時本研究透過成本效益評估,並由使用者觀點建立溫泉水資源的價格參數,分析溫泉水費徵收機制。 為兼顧溫泉保育永續利用及溫泉產業發展,本研究針對烏來溫泉區的觀光資源與產業發展現況資料進行蒐集,分析烏來溫泉區之溫泉資源保育、產業發展願景,探討烏來溫泉區的溫泉產業管理基金設置、溫泉資源再生再利用之節能減碳經濟效益及產業永續發展,以作為提供未來相關政策擬定之評估參考。 Abstract Taiwan is located at the orogenesis belt between Eurasian continental plate and Philippine Sea plate. The active plate tectonic movement, rich supply of groundwater, and the higher temperature of geothermal gradient contribute to the abundant hot spring resources in Taiwan. However, at present, the development of hot spring area is not properly controlled, which leads to the excessive consumption of hot spring resources. In order to conserve hot spring resources and maintain the sustainable operation of hot spring, the government started to enforce the Hot Spring Act in July 2005, and legalized the operation of hot spring industry. Since Taiwan has not completed the database of hot spring information, based on user charge principle and the principle of fairness, the access charge of hot springs was reduced by half in the beginning of act implementation. At present, more than 80% private operators have not applied for hot spring water right and their buildings of hot spring resorts remain illegal. After the implementation of the Hot Spring Act, the government will assist illegal operators to legitimize their operation within the grace period (the deadline of grace period is July 1, 2010). To ensure the effective development and utilization of hot spring resources, Taipei County Government takes charge of allocating water resources and includes hot spring industry into the management of the Hot Spring Act. At present, it is actively promoting “the engineer of hot spring public pipeline.” With the concept of asset life cycle maintenance and management, Taipei County Government established a set of unified public hot spring pipeline plan for water supply in which each stage from planning, design, construction, to operation management were all analyzed and evaluated to obtain the best maintenance and management strategy of public facilities. In addition, this strategy was included into the hot spring public pipeline life cycle maintenance and management strategy of Wulai Scenic Area. This study examined the current management mechanism of hot spring industrial environment and the supply of water resources by collecting the data of business modes from domestic and foreign hot spring supply business, and investigated the operation management mechanisms of public and private markets or the third party unit responsible for the business of spring water supply established by the government. Meanwhile, this study analyzed the charge mechanism of spring water fee by using cost-effectiveness evaluation and price parameters of spring water resources from the viewpoints of users. To maintain both the sustainable utilization of hot spring resources and the development of hot spring industry, this study collected the information of tourism resources and current industrial development in Wulai Scenic Area to analyze the conservation of hot spring resources and vision of industrial development, and to investigate the necessity of establishing hot spring industry management fund in Wulai Scenic Area, the economic effectiveness of energy saving and carbon reduction of hot spring resource recycling, and industrial sustainable development in the hope that the this study could provide references for developing relevant strategies in the future.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程學系碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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