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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/25549

    Title: 高爾夫球場環境影響評估之環境監測成效探討;The Performance Evaluation on Environmental Monitoring Applicable to Environmental Impact Assessment in Golf Courts
    Authors: 李惠森;HUI-SEN LEE
    Contributors: 環境工程研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 高爾夫球場;德爾菲法;環境監測;環境影響評估;golf court;Delphi Method;Environmental impact assessment;environmental monitoring
    Date: 2010-01-20
    Issue Date: 2010-06-10 16:57:19 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 台灣的環境影響評估制度對於環境監測項目訂定並無明確規範,環境影響評估審查會所決定的監測項目也相當分歧,本研究即為探討環境監測在實務上的需求,藉由高爾夫球場開發案為例,進行問卷調查以期作為環境影響評估制度環境監測改革的參考。 本研究以德爾菲法為研究工具,經三回合問卷調查反覆回饋後,進行環境監測指標篩選,第一階段經由第二回合及第三回合問卷監測項目及指標重要性穩定度成對t檢定,初步篩選出學者專家意見達到一致的環境監測項目及指標,第二階段再以監測項目及指標重要性得分平均數(M)大於或等於3.5(滿分為5)作為判定重要性的標準,另以平均值標準差(SD)小於1作為專家達到共識的依據,作為篩選標準。篩選結果共選取89個監測指標,在施工期間分別為「工區放流水」6個、「承受水體」9個、「空氣品質」3個、「邊坡穩定」3個、「噪音」7個、「振動」4個、「生態」3個、「交通量」2個,共計37個;在營運期間分別為「污水處理廠放流水」14個、「承受水體水質」14個、「地下水水質」10個、「生態」3個、「土壤」3個、「邊坡穩定」3個、「滯洪池或景觀水體排放口」5個,共計54個。 在後續探討上,本研究以89個監測指標為基礎,利用平均權重法及監測費用建立高爾夫球場環境監測評估體系,作為開發單位規劃及主管機關管理工具。根據這個評估體系,在施工期間最有效益的監測工作是監測項目「基地放流水」的監測指標「SS」或「BOD」;在營運期間是監測項目「污水處理廠」的監測指標「BOD」或監測項目「承受水體」的監測指標「BOD」。 In Taiwan, the necessary items for environmental monitoring applicable to environmental impact assessment (EIA) lack a clear definition. The required environmental monitoring indices are divided among different EIA review meetings. The goal of this study is to take golf court development as an example for assessing the practical demand of environmental monitoring. Questionnaire approach is adopted to investigate potential improvement on environmental monitoring in EIA. Delphi Method is selected as the method in this investigation and the questionnaire approach on the determination of environmental monitoring index is completed in three rounds. In the first stage after questionnaire being completed, a statistical paired t-test is used to verify the stability of the significance for monitoring groups and indices chosen by the participated scholars and experts. In the second stage, a criterium of larger or equal to 3.5 (the highest score is 5) and the standard derivation (SD) less than 1 serves to determine achieving consensus of the participated scholars and experts. There are 89 environmental monitoring indices resulted from the selection process. The environmental monitoring indices selected for the construction period are thirty three in total including six for “site effluent”, nine for “receiving water body”, three for “air quality”, three for “hill slope stability”, seven for “noise”, four for “vibration”, three for “ecology”, and two for “traffic”. For the operation period after construction, fifty four environmental monitoring indices are selected as follows. They are fourteen for “wastewater treatment plant effluent”, fourteen for “water quality of receiving water body”, ten for “groundwater quality”, three for “ecology”, three for “soil”, three for “hill slope stability”, and five for “retarding basin or vista body effluent”, respectively. In the latter stage, based on the selected 89 monitoring indices, the environmental monitoring assessment system in golf court is established through the consideration of average weighting process and monitoring cost, which could be taken as a planning and management tool for developing party and the authorities. According to the established assessment system, the most cost-effective monitoring index during the construction period is to monitor “SS” or “BOD” of “site effluent”. In contrats, during the operation period after construction, “BOD” in both “wastewater treatment plant effluent” and “receiving water body” is the most cost-effective monitoring index.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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