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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/2608


    Title: 具液晶移相干涉術之適應光學系統;ADAPTIVE OPTICS SYSTEMS WITH LIQUID-CRYSTAL PHASE-SHIFT INTERFEROMETRY
    Authors: 鍾政英;Cheng-Ying Chung
    Contributors: 機械工程研究所
    Keywords: 適應性光學系統;波前感測;像差修正;移相干涉術;Adaptive Optics System;wavefront sensor;aberration correction;phase-shift interferometry
    Date: 2005-06-28
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 11:51:55 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract:   本論文研發出利用液晶(liquid crystal device,LCD)移相干涉術(phase-shift interferometry,PSI)來偵測光波前的適應性光學(adaptive optics)系統,可用來即時修正因外來擾動所造成之像差。它主要包含三個部份:波前感測器(wavefront sensor,WFS)、波前修正器(wavefront corrector)與補償控制器(reconstruction controller)。   文中提出Mach-Zehnder之徑向剪切式(radial shear)干涉術架構成功地動態偵測波前,此方式在光路設計上可避免Sagnac架構波前耦合問題。LCD經由一精準相位校正方式與瞬間向列驅動方法,可正確快速地於5ms內完成三步PSI動作,並搭配光二極體陣列(photodiode array,PA)來量測干涉光強,可即時偵測重建波前相位變化情形。此干涉式波前偵測器之相位資訊即時回饋至嵌入式(embedded)數位訊號處理器(digital signal processor,DSP),經由比例積分微分(proportional-integral-derivative,PID)控制法則計算出控制訊號,再經由可調變聚焦鏡(deformable mirror,DM)來動態修正波前。目前,整體適應性光學系統於五個輸出入通道下,控制迴圈速度可達30Hz以上。於數Hz熱干擾下,雜訊可被抑制20dB以上,穩態相位標準差低於0.02π rms,而輸出光的Strehl ratio可從0.5大幅升至0.9,明顯增加輸出光之聚焦效率,降低因外來干擾所造成之像差問題。 An adaptive optics system with liquid crystal device (LCD) phase-shift interferometry (PSI) has been developed to compensate aberration in real time. The adaptive optics system consists of three main components: wavefront sensor, wavefront corrector, and reconstruction controller. In this thesis, a Mach-Zehnder radial shearing interferometer has successfully detected the dynamic wavefront. Unlike the Sagnac setup, the Mach-Zehnder interferometer can avoid the coupling effect between the measurement wavefront and reference wavefront from the interferometry system. To measure the variation of wavefront in real time, we use the LCD to rapidly and precisely achieve PSI within 5ms based on a precise phase calibration and overdriving method, and photodiode array (PA) to record the three interference patterns. The wavefront signals are transmitted to the embedded digital signal processor (DSP) based on the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control rule to generate the control signals which will be sent to DM. Thus, the aberration of the wavefront are corrected dynamically. The developed multichannel adaptive optics system has the bandwidth of the control loop up to 30Hz. The experimental results to control several Hertz thermal turbulence demonstrate that the steady state error of the wavefront phase was under 0.02π rms and the signal-to-noise ratio improvement is better than 20dB. Also, the Strehl ratio of the focusing spot can be increased from 0.5 to 0.9.
    Appears in Collections:[機械工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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