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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/26895


    Title: Survival hazards of road environment factors between motor-vehicles and motorcycles
    Authors: Li,MD;Doong,JL;Huang,WS;Lai,CH;Jeng,MC
    Contributors: 機械工程研究所
    Keywords: ORDERED PROBIT MODELS;ACCIDENT SEVERITY;INJURY SEVERITIES;SINGLE-VEHICLE;DATA LINKAGE;CRASH;DRIVER;TAIWAN;DEATH;RISK
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-06-29 18:02:42 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 中央大學
    Abstract: Motorcycles are frequently used in middle- and low-income societies. They are often involved in crashes, and account for a noticeable percentage of fatalities secondary to crashes. Comparing motor-vehicle occupants and motorcycle riders, the present study examined the survival hazard of crash injuries with respect to road environmental factors (i.e.,area, road type, and location). We investigated the effects of such factors on survival and survival time after crashes via a binary logistic regression analysis and a Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, respectively. Results indicated that, for both motor-vehicle occupants and motorcycle riders, the fatal prevalence, occurrence likelihood, and risk based on time were decreased in urban areas and elevated on highways. The three indexes were also higher for motor-vehicle occupants on non-straight or non-level roadway sections. The prevalence of death on local roads and at intersections was relatively higher for motorcycle riders compared to motor-vehicle occupants. Speed may contribute to the survival hazard with respect to road environment factors. Speed management initiatives account for hazardous roadway, curve alignment re-examination, and increased traffic enforcement density are suggested. Collaboration among the roadway authorities, vehicle industry, and medical systems for a timely rescue is also advised. In addition, the attention to crashes at intersections and on local roads is a promising intervention for motorcycle riders. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Relation: ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
    Appears in Collections:[機械工程研究所] 期刊論文

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