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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/27432


    Title: A study on the relation between terminal velocity and VHF backscatter from precipitation particles using the Chung-Li VHF radar
    Authors: Chu,YH;Shih,SP;Su,CL;Lee,KL;Lin,TH;Liang,WC
    Contributors: 太空科學研究所
    Keywords: RAINDROP SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS;DOPPLER RADAR;WIND PROFILER;THUNDERSTORM
    Date: 1999
    Issue Date: 2010-06-29 18:38:23 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 中央大學
    Abstract: The relationships between the mean Doppler terminal velocities V-r of the hydrometeors with different phases and the range-corrected VHF backscatter P from the corresponding precipitation particles are investigated by using the Chung-Li VHF radar. The radar precipitation data employed for the analysis were taken from four independent experiments conducted on different weather conditions. They show that the observed alpha and beta values in the power-law approximation V-T = npp above the melting layer are generally smaller than those below the layer, while in the bright band the values of beta (alpha) are enormously smaller (greater) than those above and below the bright band. Theoretical analysis shows that the mathematical relationship between alpha and beta can be approximated very well by a simple exponential function, which is in excellent agreement with the observations. A new method for estimating the coefficient A and exponent B in the fall speed-diameter relationship V(D) = AD(B) with respect to still air on the basis of the theoretical relation between alpha and beta is also proposed. A comparison of the estimations of A and B with those reported in the literature indicates that the former are smaller than the latter. The authors believe that the difference in the two is due to the different types of the clouds producing the precipitation. In addition, it is found that the value of A is proportional to the height of the 0 degrees C isotherm, implying that the air temperature plays a role in establishing the relationship between the fall speed and the diameter of the hydrometeors.
    Relation: JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY
    Appears in Collections:[太空科學研究所 ] 期刊論文

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