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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/27456


    Title: Observations of precipitation associated with a cold front using a VHF wind profiler and a ground-based optical rain gauge
    Authors: Chu,YH;Song,JS
    Contributors: 太空科學研究所
    Keywords: DOPPLER RADAR;SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS;FREQUENCY
    Date: 1998
    Issue Date: 2010-06-29 18:38:59 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 中央大學
    Abstract: In this paper the VHF radar returns from hydrometeors anti refractivity fluctuations associated with a cold front are analyzed. A composite analysis of the precipitation echo intensity and the vertical air velocity indicates that the vertical air velocity plays a vital role in the formation of the bright band. The observations show that the VHF radar reflectivity from precipitation at the height around the melting layer may be enhanced in the condition of weak vertical air velocity, while the bright band may be disrupted if the upward vertical air speed is as large as 1.2 m/s. The intense updraft may also diminish the echo intensity from refractivity fluctuations through the mechanism of turbulent mixing, as first suggested by Chu ann Lin [1994]. The corresponding observational evidence will be presented and discussed in this paper. Comparing the time series of the VHF precipitation echo intensity aloft with that of the surface rainfall rate indicates there is a systematic time delay in the two. which increases approximately linearly with height. The drop-off rate of the time difference is approximately equal to the average fall velocity of the raindrop. A regression analysis of the precipitation data between range-corrected VHF radar reflectivity P-r and ground-based rainfall rate R using the equation P-r = alpha R-beta is also made. It shows that beta has a tendency tc, decrease with height, while alpha is nearly height-independent.
    Relation: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES
    Appears in Collections:[太空科學研究所 ] 期刊論文

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