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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/27560


    Title: Shallow S-Wave Velocity Structures in the Western Coastal Plain of Taiwan
    Authors: Lin,CM;Chang,TM;Huang,YC;Chiang,HJ;Kuo,CH;Wen,KL
    Contributors: 地球物理研究所
    Keywords: GENETIC ALGORITHMS;DISPERSION DATA;ARRAY;MICROTREMORS;INVERSION;RECORDS;NOISE;BASIN
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-06-29 18:40:55 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 中央大學
    Abstract: The western coastal plain of Taiwan borders the Western Foothills, which is a fold-and-thrust zone and one of Taiwan's major seismic zones. Earthquakes from the Western Foothills are a frequent cause of disaster in the western coastal plain. In this study, array measurements of microtremors were conducted at seven sites throughout the western coastal plain. At each site, four arrays (S, M, L, and XL arrays) of different sizes were considered. The largest radius of each array ranged from 32 in to I km. The Maximum Likelihood Method of Frequency-Wavenumber (F-K) analyses was used to obtain phase velocity dispersion curves. After the inversion of the dispersion curves with the initial models decided by Genetic Algorithm (GA) searching, shallow S-wave velocity structures for the western coastal plain were estimated. The S-wave velocity structures were estimated from the surface to a depth of 3 km. Above a depth of 0.4 km, they increased gradually under all sites. The first main interfaces were between 0.4 to 0.75 km in depth, and the average velocity at all sites increased sharply from 0.808 to 1.289 km sec(-1). This interface seems to be the lower boundary of the thick unconsolidated sediments. The second main interfaces were between 0.9 to 1.75 km and the average velocity increases from 1.289 to 1.703 kin sec(-1). The third main interfaces were between 1.15 to 2.55 km and the average velocity increased from 1.703 to 2.45 km sec(-1). The depths of the last two main interfaces corresponded to the tops of the Pliocene and upper Miocene formations, respectively, as identified by seismic surveys and exploration wells. Further, the average S-wave velocities of the Plio-Pleistocene, Pliocene, and Miocene formations were estimated in this study. The existence of the Peikang Basement High, which is a prominent barrier in the area between the pre-Miocene and Neogene affects the features of these two interfaces. The depths vary apparently with the distances between the sites and the top of the Peking Basement High; i.e., Penghu Island. Furthermore, the complex structures near the Yichu hinge fault make the S-wave velocities of deeper structures under the Yijhu site higher than those under other sites based on the plane-layer assumption of the F-K analysis.
    Relation: TERRESTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCES
    Appears in Collections:[地球物理研究所] 期刊論文

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