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    题名: Assessment of removal efficiency of perfluorocompounds (PFCs) in a semiconductor fabrication plant by gas chromatography
    作者: Yang,CFO;Kam,SH;Liu,CH;Tzou,J;Wang,JL
    贡献者: 中央大學
    关键词: MOLECULAR WEIGHT FLUOROCARBONS;MANUFACTURING PROCESSES;PROCESS EMISSIONS;PLASMA ABATEMENT;PERFLUOROCARBONS;SEPARATION;CF4;TECHNOLOGIES
    日期: 2009
    上传时间: 2010-06-29 19:44:54 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 化學研究所
    摘要: This study investigated a gas chromatographic (GC) method to assess the destruction or removal efficiency (DRE) of local scrubbers on five perfluorocompounds (PFCs), i.e., SF6, NF3, CF4, C2F6 and C3F8, which are very potent greenhouse gases used in a semiconductor fabrication plant. Air samples taken at inlets and outlets of local scrubbers were analyzed by a self-constructed multi-column CC system equipped with thermal conductivity detection. Three packed columns were integrated into the heart-cut GC system to allow simultaneous analysis of the five target PFCs. The Porapak Q pre-column performs rough separation and cuts eluent groups to two analytical columns for optimal separation. The Molecular Sieve -5A column separated NF3, CF4, and C3F8 and the second Porapak Q separated SF6 and C2F6. Linearity was greater than 0.995 (R-2) for the five PFCs, and the reproducibility was about 4% (relative standard deviation) for NF3, and better than 0.5% for the other four PFCs. DRE for the combustion (CB) and electric-thermal types of local scrubbers was evaluated by taking into account the in-line dilution from air and fuel gases. Both flow and tracer methods were employed to deduce the dilution factors (DFs). For the tracer method, helium was employed as the tracer and injected upstream of the scrubbers and thus mixed with the exhaust gas. With this method, the DFs were determined to be in the range from 4.8 to 5.9 for the CB unit, significantly higher than the value of 3.3 based on the flow method. The DREs for the CB unit for C3F8 were greater than 90% and between 40% and 50% for CF4. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    關聯: CHEMOSPHERE
    显示于类别:[化學研究所] 期刊論文

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