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    題名: 裝潢修繕廢棄物總量概估與管理機制之研究;Estimation of Quantity and Management Framework for Household Renovation Wastes
    作者: 施建成;Jian-Cheng Shin
    貢獻者: 營建管理研究所
    關鍵詞: 裝修工程;數量推估;管理機制;模糊德菲法;Quantity;Management Framework;Fuzzy Delphi Method;Household Renovation
    日期: 2009-06-12
    上傳時間: 2009-09-21 12:04:49 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 在國際永續發展潮流下,政府已將廢棄物減量與再利用列為施政重點,行政院並於96年3月1日核定「一般廢棄物資源循環推動計畫」,期望達成廢棄物資源化與再利用之目標,目前新建工程與拆除工程已依據廢清法分階段強制列管,所管制之營造業者均需至環保署廢棄物申報系統進行申報工程廢棄物產出量,近年已逐步落實廢棄物流向管制,然而裝潢修繕工程之廢棄物產出至今尚無具體管理機制。目前國內對於裝潢修繕工程之管制,主要依據建築法第七十七條之二第四項規定訂定之「建築物室內裝修管理辦法」進行管理,而該管理辦法僅針對室內裝修業者資格審查及其相關營業規定,對於裝潢修繕工程的廢棄物產出並無任何管制,進而造成廢棄物隨意傾倒與非法處理問題時有所聞,也使政府機關難以評估裝潢修繕工程廢棄物減量政策之成效。 本研究於廢棄物產出至處理階段進行探討,藉由專家訪談及現況調查方式瞭解裝修工程管理上之問題,進一步提出未來裝潢修繕工程可行之管理機制與廢棄物申報方式。此外在數量推估前階段,本研究透過模糊德菲專家問卷方式,彙整現行裝修工程廢棄物產生量之主要影響因子,並蒐集北部地區裝修業者報價單加以分析,建立裝修工程廢棄物推估模式,經統計分析後推得國內裝修工程廢棄物年產量體積約為431萬M3(重量約為306萬公噸),其成果可供政府機關更有效掌握裝修工程時所產生廢棄物之數量,避免廢棄物非法傾倒事件發生,達政府減量政策之依據及健全國家推動垃圾零廢棄之終極目標。 Under the international continues forever development, the government has taken the reduce and reuse of waste as a administration key. Executive Yuan apprised and decided 「Source minimization and resource recycling program」 in order to convert waste to resource and reuse on 1st March ,1987. Nowadays, new construction and demolition project are arranged by stages in terms of Waste Disposal Act. Those controlled construction industry have to declare their waste output to EPA and it has implemented a waste flow control in recent years. However, there is no specific arrangement to the household renovation waste. Now, the control of household renovation is according to Construction Law of the forth item of 77th -2 article 「Management of interior decoration of buildings 」.The law is for the interior decoration industry and its related business qualification requirements, but there is no any management for household renovation waste. Because of this, there is a lot of random dumpling of waste or illegal disposal. And it makes the government hard to evaluate the policy effect of decrease household renovation waste. This research aims at the output and the disposal of waste by visiting experts and surveying the current situation. The research also poses the feasible management for household renovation and its declaration of waste. Before estimating the quantity, this research through the Fuzzy Delphi Method to archive the impact factor of household renovation waste. It also analyses the quotations from the northern part of decoration industry to build the estimation way of renovation waste. By statistical analysis, we estimate the annual volume of renovation waste is about 345 M3. This research can provide the government to master the quantity of renovation waste, and avoid the dumpling of disposal illegally and aim to the goal of trash decrease without waste.
    顯示於類別:[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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