English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 66984/66984 (100%)
Visitors : 22646838      Online Users : 253
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3103


    Title: 英國工程估價(Quantity;Surveying) 制度與導入之研究 A study of Quantity Surveying in Taiwan
    Authors: 楊志偉;Chih-Wei Yang
    Contributors: 營建管理研究所
    Keywords: 英國;工程估價;Quantity Surveying;標準工程量計量方法;工程估價人員;Estimate;UK;Standard Methods of Measurement;Quantity Surveying
    Date: 2009-06-12
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:04:59 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 近幾十年來,國際中已開發先進國家,十分注重工程估價之合理性分析,並將工程估價管理與工程進度控制及工程品質管理視為管理主要重點。國際間已有如:英國、美國、澳大利亞、中國、香港、日本等許多國家推動健全之工程估價制度。其中英國工料測量(Quantity Surveying)制度最為悠久,包含成立工程估價相關組織,辦理專業人員培訓、考照,並編制統一標準工程量計量計價規則,至今英國工程估價制度為英聯邦國家(港、星)及其他國家(中、日)所廣泛使用。 國內工程估價實務上,對於工程量計算尚無統一的計算規則與計價準則。業主與承包商常因工程工項實作面積或計量計價範圍在工程數量表工作項目之工作及材料之詳細規範無法加以詳述,導致漏項或工項範圍認定之差異產生。探究工程爭議調解案件中,關於計價與數量之爭議佔所有爭議項目的兩成,並高居常見爭議項目的第二位。 國內工程造價估算原則以一專案工程量為一計算單位,將所需要的鋼筋、混凝土、模板數量及單價列項加總,並加上間接工程費用,而得工程總價。但若發生某項數量或單價估算之錯誤,而導致工程成本結構重新調整,影響施工進度、分包進場之時間,因而造成工期展延之發生。 探討國內機關與民間公司內部進行工程估價作業,其專案估價都由不同背景之工程人員共同執行估價工作,因經驗背景不同與作法習慣普遍不一致情形下,在整合工程專案計畫書時,將各工項內容與價格都為耗時耗力的工作,專案與專案之間可能無法產生一致性與連慣性,資料整合與建檔也相對的困難。 國內執行工程估價人員的專業訓練較缺乏,於其求學階段,僅強調在工程技術科目的訓練,對於工程成本估算之訓練較為不足。而實務界對新進估價人員常以口述方式指導估價作業,但因經驗不足而導致意料外之錯誤,進而影響工程之發包或實際工程施工。 本研究係利用文獻回顧及專家訪談等方法,擬以探討英國工料測量制度,分析估價人員所使用標準工程量計量方法及估價作業所考慮之層面、估價人員該具備之專業技能與培訓考照方式,並歸納分析國內目前估價人員執行估價作業之現況及所造成之缺失,藉以導入英國工程估價制度之特色,建立統一工程量計算規則及適合國內之工程估價師角色及統一執行估價過程之作法,期能改善並加強國內工程造價體制之不足與缺失。 In last decades, the developed countries in the world have paid lot of attention to the systematic analysis on the construction cost estimation. Construction estimating management , construction schedule control and construction quality control have deemed as the main focus of management There are many countries has set up the engineering estimate system, such as UK, USA, Australia, China, Hong Kong, and Japan. Among them, the Quantity Surveying in UK has the longest history, including the establishment of the organization of quantity surveying, the system of training certification for professionals, and drawing up the standard methods of measurement. According the report of Public Construction Commission (PCC), the dispute related to measurements between clients and contractors were about twenty percent of all dispute cases in Taiwan. There are several reasons found by this study to cause the phenomenon: 1. There is no standard method of measurement for construction works in Taiwan. 2. The absence of training of estimator 3. Personnel who enter the work of estimating in the beginning are not well trained and it takes a long time to gain enough experience through working. By literature review and expert interview, this study explores the institution of quantity surveying and the training and certification system of quantity surveyor in UK. It also probes into Standard Methods of Measurement, core skill and knowledge of surveyors, and their role in UK construction industry The comparison of estimating practice between Taiwan and UK has been made. For improving the domestic conditions, a series of practical implementing procedures of adopting quantity surveying system is proposed.
    Appears in Collections:[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    0KbUnknown2426View/Open


    All items in NCUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    ::: Copyright National Central University. | 國立中央大學圖書館版權所有 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁 | 最佳瀏覽畫面: 1024*768 | 建站日期:8-24-2009 :::
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback  - 隱私權政策聲明