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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3172


    Title: 公共工程施工階段替代方案執行機制之研究;The research of public works construction stage Alternatives carries out of the mechanism
    Authors: 王志欽;Chih-chin Wang
    Contributors: 營建管理研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 公共工程;政府採購法;替代方案;履約爭議;採購效益;Contract Dispute;Alternatives;Government Procurement Law;Public Works;Procurement Efficiency
    Date: 2009-06-05
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:07:48 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 政府採購法第35條規定「機關得於招標文件中規定,允許廠商在不降低原有功能條件下,得就技術、工法、材料或設備,提出可縮減工期、減省經費或提高效率之替代方案。」,其實施辦法並訂有獎勵措施,可鼓勵廠商投資研究或引進新技術、新工法,如有減省經費,並可獲得獎勵,是一項能增進採購效益並創造政府與民間廠商雙贏的策略。但自實施以來,因規定並非是「應」辦事項,而是「得」辦事項,且須於招標文件中有所規定才可實施,在無配套措施下,迄今尚無切合法令之實施案例。 本研究首先對於替代方案之國內外相關法令及案例深入探討,為深化替代方案制度之了解,進行相關議題研析,藉此分析其採購效益形態,並可避免衍生履約爭議;由相關案例探討以驗證本研究之論點,最後彙整各利害關係人(機關、廠商與設計顧問)實施替代方案之實務課題,並提出具體改善對策與配套措施,以為相關單位執行時之參考。期望藉此落實施工階段替代方案之執行,除增進政府採購效能,並達成提昇工程產業競爭力之目標。 Pursuant to Article 35 of Government Procurement Law (GPL), “Alternatives” is permissible if the contractor can demonstrate the fruition of reduction in schedule or budget, or of enhancement in efficiency or safety. The GPL also allows the sharing of benefits generated from the use of Alternatives. The weakness of the GPL, however, lies in the authorization of only agency discretion, rather than a stricter legal mandate. Most agencies still alienate themselves from this innovate concept and disregard the possibility of Alternatives, as much as their discretionary power, altogether. This work reviews current laws and regulations which are relevant to the promotion, or limitation, of Alternatives in government construction projects, discusses the benefits/risks of utilizing the Alternatives concept, and analyzes the likely strategy and procedures to which the Alternatives concept can be enhanced and facilitated among government agencies. This work also summarizes a handful of real-life cases, and examines the lessons learned in each case. The contribution of the work includes a range of strategic suggestions with respect to each interest party in a construction project, and a set of comprehensive recommendations for which the central government may take advice of. This work confirms that the Alternatives concept is very viable in public work projects, and, with proper streamlining of policies and administrative procedures, all government procurement agencies can reap the benefit of faster construction with lower budgets.
    Appears in Collections:[營建管理研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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