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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3241


    題名: 以系統方法建立電機業之安全衛生管理指標之研究;The Study of Systems Approach in Electronic Engineering Industry health and safety Management Indicators
    作者: 吳質瑩;chih-ying wu
    貢獻者: 環境工程研究所碩士在職專班
    關鍵詞: 安全衛生管理;管理指標;系統思維;系統方法;system thinking;system approach;health and safety management;management indicator
    日期: 2005-07-09
    上傳時間: 2009-09-21 12:13:26 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 依據勞委會的統計,近十年來台灣的職業災害人數共計超過25萬人,直、間接的損失亦超過3500億新台幣。而各國專家在調查意外事故時,原因常可歸納為缺少「組織性的安全管理」,即所謂的「安全衛生管理系統」。此概念隨著貿易全球化的影響,職業安全衛生管理逐漸被企業所重視,視為企業營運之重要環節。 而在前述之安全衛生管理中,都強調組織應超越法規所規定範圍,自發性的進行安全管理,並持續改善。因此,組織的安全衛生管理指標就成為預測或了解組織安全衛生績效的重要資訊,若指標合宜,將可監督組織的控制系統及組織活動的效能,提供管理者建議,使管理者據之作出正確的決策,而能適時、適當地調整組織的運作,讓資源作最佳的分配,達到組織的目標,並做為持續改善的基準。 然而於實務上發現,安全衛生管理指標無法反應管理系統問題,而成為國內業者實施安全衛生管理系統的缺憾,許多業者在建立管理系統時,為避免增加程序或增加工作量,而在管理系統執行上僅執行標準條文或法規所要求項目,而未著眼於持續改善之目標。有鑑於安全衛生管理指標對安全衛生管理的重要性。 另外,以目前國內推動安全衛生績效指標的經驗來看,要求企業界彙整並公開安全衛生相關資訊仍然有許多工作尚待努力,安全衛生相關資訊應為可靠的、可查證的、可瞭解的,可比較的、有意義的、以及標準化的,才能提供具體的溝通與決策價值。 本篇論文以系統分析的概念,來探討完整之安全衛生管理指標應包括那些項目,並以國內某電機業為例,分析其於安全衛生管理指標之實施狀況,並建立其安全衛生管理指標架構。最後,依據研究及案例廠之指標建置經驗,提出國內業者於建立安全衛生管理指標時,可加強參考之方向。 According to the statistics of Council of Labor Affairs, there have been more than 250,000 people suffering occupational accidents this decade and the direct or indirect expenditure loss has been over 11 billion USD. When experts investigate the accidents and trace back to the core reason, there always point to lack of “organized safety management” which is well known as 「Health and Safety Management System」. As enterprises want to accelerate their competitiveness in globalization era, however,「Health and Safety Management System」has become a vital issue to achieve goals. 「Health and Safety Management System」emphasize that enterprises should do better than regulations claims and spontaneously manage to be sustainable development. Thus, health and safety management indicators are very important data to understand performance. If the indicators are chosen appropriately, then supervisors can monitor the effectiveness of system and offer information for decision maker to make right policy for optimizing resource and achieving goals. For preventing from overworking, executors try to neglect the importance of indicators to system and long -term interest to business. It’s very sorry in Taiwan, in practice, health and safety management indicators can’t reflect the truth to supervisors for those are set only fill the bill not better than it. As review the experience of setting health and safety indicators, we find it is very difficult for business to gather and open their health and safety related information. Actually, the information should be reliable, accountable, understandable, comparable, meaningful and standardized, thus, it will be valuable for decision. This paper try to explore what is completeness of health and safety indicators by system approach and analyze the real situation of one Electronic Engineering factory from beginning to setting indicators. Last, give some suggestions to other factories.
    顯示於類別:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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