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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3275

    Title: 電子產業因應京都議定書及危害性物質管制調查研究;The Study on Taiwan Electronic Industries in Implementing Kyoto Protocol and RoHS Directive
    Authors: 林素檉;Su-Cheng Lin
    Contributors: 環境工程研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 半導體業;光電業;溫室效應氣體;RoHS;greenhouse gas;Optoelectronic industries;Semiconductor industries;RoHS
    Date: 2005-07-09
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:13:51 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 為維護人體健康和生態環境,各項環境協議包括京都議定書、歐盟電機電子產品限用物質指令(RoHS)等陸續被提出。我國半導體、光電技術二大產業居國內經濟龍首,是經濟部”兩兆雙星”計畫的重要主角,然而,全氟碳化合物(PFCs)的排放,半導體業佔全國排放總量將近1/10,汞、鎘、鉛、六價鉻、多溴聯苯(PBBs)及多溴聯苯醚(PBDEs)等物質為電子產業製造過程所使用的毒性物質,在成品中也有出現。PFCs的全球暖化潛勢(Global Warming Potential,GWP)高且大氣生命週期長,對全球溫室效應的影響十分深遠,是京都議定書管制對象;汞、鎘、鉛、六價鉻、PBB及PBDE等物質具有蓄積性,累積環境和生物體中,造成不可回復的傷害,為歐盟RoHS指令限用。 本研究以問卷為工具,採立意抽樣方法,選擇參與台灣半導體產業協會及光電業中上游的品牌商、元件供應商、零組件供應商作為主要調查對象,藉由描述性統計及卡方獨立性檢定進行抽樣結果分析,佐以晶圓製造廠資料,探索實際執行RoHS指令管制及溫室效應氣體減量情形,以獲得國內電子產業執行RoHS指令及溫室效應氣體減量的實況、障礙、需求等資料。 研究結果發現:五成以上的受訪者不了解溫室效應氣體「減量模式」與「交易機制」,不同的行業,對RoHS指令資訊收集重視程度也不同。對管理階層而言,因應世界潮流(72.2%)和提昇公司形象(54.5%)比符合法令(50%)重要;當需要進行改善時優先考量公司財務和客戶反應(各佔14.8%)。非管理階層則認為配合客戶需求(64.1%)和符合法令(51.3%)比提升公司形象(41%)重要;需進行改善時則是優先考量適當人力部門(13%)。對京都議定書議題了解比例,非管理階層(57%)高於管理階層(25%)。對RoHS指令議題了解程度非管理階層(非常暸解者21.1%)較管理階層(非常暸解者9.5%)深入。廠務人員對溫室效應氣體較有所知,對RoHS指令則否,有75%的受訪者希望政府以電子報及網頁/網路平台方式提供資訊,80.7%受訪公司對溫室效應氣體管制未列入管理,67.2%對RoHS指令管制未列推動計畫。目前在溫室氣體管制已採取行動以省電節能(37.8%)為主;在RoHS指令管制因應方式則要求上游供應商提供相關的驗證資料(33%),本研究成果可做為政府未來輔導廠商遵守國際協約的參考。 To protect human health and environment, various environmental accords, such as Kyoto Protocol and RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) Directive have been developed. In Taiwan, electronic industries such as semiconductor and optoelectronic manufacturers act as the key driving force for economic development and play important roles in “Two Trillion, Twin Stars plan”, an industrial development project funded by Taiwan Ministry of Economy. However, the increases of these industries cause serious environmental issues. Semiconductor industries contribute 10% of the total PFCs (Perfluorochemicals) emissions nationwide, which has high Global Warming Potential (GWP) and long life cycle in the atmosphere, and is one of the regulated greenhouse gases in Kyoto Protocol. On the other hand, heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium, lead, chromium6+, PBB, and PBDE, used largely during electric processing and appeared in the final electronic products, are bioaccumulative and could cause permanent damage to living organisms, and therefore are restricted in RoHS by European Union. This study uses purposive sampling and selects members in Taiwan Semiconductor Industry Association, Optoelectronic Industries, and component and part suppliers of optoelectronic industries as target audiences. With supporting documents from wafer manufacturers, the data are analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Chi-Square Test of Independence to learn the actual implementation of greenhouse gases reduction and RoHS Directive in Taiwan electronic industries. From the results we found that over 50% of the interviewers did not understand greenhouse gases “reduction models” and “emission trading”. The degree of concern on the compilation of RoHS information is varied for different industries. When asking the reason to implement these norms, to management level, it is more important to follow the world trend (72.2%) and promote corporate image (54.5%) than to comply with the regulations (50%); while to non-management level, meeting customer satisfaction (64.1%) and complying with the regulations (51.3%) are more important than promoting corporate image (41%). The difference also reflects when changes are required to make. Management level considers primarily in finance and customer feedback (each 14.8%) but non-management level pays more attention to adequacy of manpower (13%). It is also found that non-management's understanding to both Kyoto Protocol and RoHS is higher than management ones (57% vs. 25% and 21.1% vs. 9.5%, respectively). Plant working personnel have better knowledge in greenhouse gases than RoHS Directive. Around 75% of the interviewers would like government to provide relevant information via e-newsletter/website. Meanwhile, 80.7% of the companies that took the survey have not had control in greenhouse gases emission and 67.2% of them have not planed in implementing RoHS. For those already take action in reducing greenhouse gases emission mostly choose saving energy (37.8%) as the primary control method; and for those have plan to comply with RoHS Directive they mainly request certification evidence from suppliers (33%). These results are very useful in the future for Taiwan government to assist electronic industries to comply with the international accords.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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