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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3303


    Title: 全氟辛烷磺酸鹽有效管理制度與策略之研究以臺灣為例;Sutdy on Effective Management System and Strategy of PFOS in Taiwan
    Authors: 李維豐;Wei-Fon Lee
    Contributors: 環境工程研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 管理策略;全氟辛烷磺酸鹽(PFOS);管理制度;management strategy;management system;PFOS
    Date: 2006-07-09
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:14:14 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 全氟辛烷磺酸鹽(Perfluorooctane sulfonate,簡稱PFOS,又稱C8)是紡織品和皮革製品防污處理劑的主要成分,並且廣泛應用於民生用品及工業產品生產領域。目前已知它在環境中及生物體內並不產生降解且具有生物累積性,PFOS對大鼠經口服半數致死劑量(LD50)為250mg/kg,吸入1小時半數致死量(LC50)為5.2mg/L,根據世界衛生組織化合物急性毒性分類標準,屬於中等毒性化合物。2001年,它被列入美國環境保護署持久性環境污染物名單之列,嚴格管理其使用及生產。其對環境及生物體的潛在危害,將是繼有機氯農藥、多氯聯苯等持久性有機污染物引起的環境問題之後,產生的新興持久性有機污染物。針對臺灣全氟辛烷磺酸鹽之問題,為防患其對環境及人們造成不可逆轉的影響。本研究以系統思維和系統方法為理論基礎,從經濟面、環境面及環境教育面考量,個人、企業和政府為管理主體,規劃與設計一套有效的管理制度與策略,供政府未來擬定相關政策之參考。在PFOS來源管制方面,建議由行政院環境保護署、經濟部及各地方政府負責督導;對於 PFOS在環境中流布情形建議由行政院環境保護署、行政院衛生署負責監測並建立環境資料庫;法律規章及檢測方法建議由行政院環境保護署會商各目的事業主管機關訂定;在通報體系之建構,建議以行政院環境保護署為對口單位,行政院衛生署、經濟部、農委會等各依權責辦理相關事宜並通報行政院環境保護署,以作為預防因應之依據;經由專案性階段分工績效、環境品質監測、民間團體之監督等資訊,作為管理制度與策略之評估。 Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is used as the main ingredient of cleaning agent in textiles and leather products. It is also widely used in household and industrial cleaning products. Recent studies found that PFOS does not degrade and is leading to bioaccumulation in our environment and food chains. The oral Median Lethal Dose (LD50) of PFOS for rats is 251 mg/kg and the inhalation Median Lethal Concentration (LC50) is 5.2 mg/l/1 hr. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified PFOS as the median-level toxic substance. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) also puts PFOS in their chemical list of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in 2001 and implements strict management of its use and production. This research adapted the study methods of systematic thought and approach to consider different aspects from economy, environment and environmental education, to consider individuals, enterprises and government as the main body of management, and to plan and design effective control system and strategy. The results will be used as a reference to provide the government to draw up the correlation policy. For the source management of PFOS, the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA), the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MEA), and local governments will be in charge of supervision. The EPA and the Department of Health (DOH) will have the responsibility of monitoring and creating environment database of the distribution of PFOS in the environment. The legal system and examination methods of PFOS will be established after reaching agreement between EPA and other competent authorities. Regarding the notification system, the DOH, MEA, and the Council of Agriculture are responsible for coordinating with EPA to handle accidents and prevent possible harm. Through conducting special projects and phases, monitoring of environmental quality, and overseeing by non-governmental organizations the management system and strategy can be evaluated.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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