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    題名: 我國環保產業發展現況及前瞻之研究;Study on the Current Status and Prospect of Environmental Industry in Taiwan
    作者: 賴明亮;Ming-Liang Lai
    貢獻者: 環境工程研究所碩士在職專班
    關鍵詞: 環保產業;環保支出;環境市場;Environmental Industry;Environmental Markets;Environmental Expenditure
    日期: 2009-07-04
    上傳時間: 2009-09-21 12:15:48 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 我國環保產業之發展至今已逾多年,在面對國際之環保潮流以及觀念上的轉變,傳統環境工程已由狹義之污染預防與控制,轉變為廣義上包括強調能資源再生循環及清潔生產等之綠色科技概念,而環保產業也勢必隨之調整其經營及發展形態,以求環保產業進一步的振興。 本研究首先藉由國內外對於環保產業範疇之界定,進行分析,結果得知,目前國際上對於環保產業之範疇界定,已擴及包含能資源等項目之廣義上的定義,故建議應修訂我國環保署及經建會於2001年所界定之環保產業範疇,輔以能資源等廣義上的項目,藉以使我國環保產業範疇,能更符合國際趨勢。我國目前環保產業的推動,因環保產業所涉及的主管機關甚多,其相關法源及政策,亦相對顯得分散,此現況將不利於環保產業之發展。我國環保產業目前尚無一致性之範疇界定,相對亦缺乏客觀的環保產業之產值、人力等統計資料,僅能由環保設備及其零件出口值,得知小部份產值現況資料,而環保支出統計,亦可顯示環保市場之需求,惟我國環保支出之統計方式及資料,與實際上仍有落差。產業人力部份,目前僅能由每年度環境工程及相關系所畢業人數,得知基本產業人力之供給量。此外,藉由企業及政府環保公共工程之下水道建設的案例分析,可得知環保產業與企業、政府間之供需關係,以及未來之發展契機。 根據本研究的結果得知,環保產業於推動上,最終需依賴產業資訊平台的建立與整合,以提供政府於立法、施政以及環保產業於發展策略上之參考,然環保產業工作之推動,其性質係為跨領域亦為跨部會之屬性,故提升平台之位階至行政院之層級,有利於統籌各部會之分工,藉以推動我國環保產業之發展。 The development of environmental industry in Taiwan has been progressed for many years. However, face to the trend of the global environmental issues and the transition of the environmental protection concepts, the items of environmental business has been converted from the narrow senses of traditional pollution prevention and control to the broad senses of green technologies include the emphasis on energy/resource reclamation and reuse, clean production, etc. in the international market. Consequently, the environmental industry in Taiwan certainly needs to change its patterns of management and expansion, so that the environmental industry can be further promoted. This study was first to analyze the scope and definition of “environmental industry” in various countries. The results indicated that the categories of the environmental industry had expanded to broad sense included the items related to energy and resources. Therefore, in order to meet the international tendency, it is suggested that modifying the scope of environmental industry set by Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration and Economic Planning and Development Council in 2001 to broad definition includes the categories of energy and resource is necessary. Additionally, due to the relevant laws and policies in charge of various categories of environmental industry were scattered among different governmental authorities in Taiwan, thus caused unfavorable to further promote and expand the development of the environmental industry. The results of this study also found that official statistical data of output values and manpower involved in the environmental business were inconsistent. Some statistical output values were obtained from the exporting values of environmental protection equipment and related parts. Environmental expenditure can also reflect the environmental market demand. However, the current statistical method and data source from various governmental authorities were questionable and inconsistent. The annual supply of manpower involved in environmental industry could be known from the statistical data of the number of certificate and diploma related to environmental fields issued annually by governments and colleges. In addition, the case studies of a private company and public work of sewage system construction, respectively, in this research, it was obtained the interrelationship of supply and demand aspects among environmental industry, private enterprise and/or governmental agency as well as the opportunity for the development of future environmental market in Taiwan. Based on the results of this study, the prospect for promoting environmental industry need to build up and integrate an information platform which can offer the directions of legislation and policy making for governmental authorities and provide the strategies of market development for environmental business. However, due to cross-authorities are responsible for the development of environmental industry, it must rise up the platform level to the highest governmental authority, e.g. Executive Yuan, in order to overall plan the division of labor among various authorities.
    顯示於類別:[環境工程研究所碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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