English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 75533/75533 (100%)
Visitors : 27367517      Online Users : 390
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3499

    Authors: 何政恩;Cheng-En Ho
    Contributors: 化學工程與材料工程研究所
    Keywords: 銲料;封裝;金脆;package;gold-embrittlement;solder
    Date: 2002-06-27
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:17:09 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: ABSTRACT Solder joints are the most vulnerable links in microelectronic devices. In fact, failure in solder joints is the most common root cause responsible for malfunction in electronic products. Therefore, improving the solder joints reliability is one of the most important tasks for electronic industry. Gold-bearing finishes, such as the Au/Ni bi-layer, are extensively used in the electronic devices to protect the solderable pads against oxidation that can degrade the reliability of solder joints. After soldering, the surfaces Au will get into the solder and form many Au-bearing intermetallic particles, (Au1-xNix)Sn4. Ductility loss of the solder due to the presence of these brittle (Au1-xNix)Sn4 particles in the matrix is known as the “gold-embrittlement” [BAN1, DAE, DUC, ENW, FOS, GLA2, VIA, WIL]. Typically, the “gold-embrittlement” phenomenon occurres in the solder joint as the gold concentration is in excess of 3 wt.%. However, recent studies [BAN2, MEI2, MIY] reported that a different “gold-embrittlement” phenomenon could occur at a nominal Au concentration, which was much less than 3 wt.%. Instead of weakening the bulk solder, it deteriorated the solder/pad interface by forming a continuous (Au1-xNix)Sn4 layer at the interface. This second phenomenon has become a critical issue in the electronic industry for many years. The objective of this thesis is to probe into the mechanism for this phenomenon and to find approaches to inhibit this phenomenon. In this thesis, it is established that the (Au1-xNix)Sn4 was based on the AuSn4 structure. It is proposed that the driving force for (Au1-xNix)Sn4 to come back to the interface is to seek Ni to become more Ni-rich so that the Gibbs free energy can become smaller. Furthermore, this thesis suggests three techniques to avoid the formation of a brittle (Au1-xNix)Sn4 layer at the interface. The first technique is to use a thinner gold in the surface finish so that the amounts of (Au1-xNix)Sn4 formed is smaller. The second is to saturate the AuSn4 with added Ni so that AuSn4 does not have to go back to the interface for Ni. The third is to avoid the formation of (Au1-xNix)Sn4 by adding a specific amount of Cu (0.5 wt.%) inside the joint. In fact, the doped Cu will form a more stable Cu6Sn5-based phase and force the Au atoms to dissolve into and trap by it, instead of forming the undesirable (Au1-xNix)Sn4. In the Appendix of this thesis, the strong effect of Cu on the interfacial reaction will be reported. We found that the structure of the intermetallic compound formed was very sensitive to a slight variation in the Cu concentration of solder joints. When the solder joints are Cu-free, the intermetallic compound had the crystal structure based on Ni3Sn4. With increasing Cu concentration, the reaction products changed from a Ni3Sn4-based compound into a Ni3Sn4-based compound plus a Cu6Sn5-based compound. When the Cu concentration increased even more, the reaction product became a Cu6Sn5-based compound. More importantly, it was found that the formation of Cu6Sn5-based compound at the interface could result in a lower Ni consumption rate. This reduction in Ni consumption suggests that a thinner Ni layer can be used with Cu-doped solder joints. Rationalizations for these effects were presented in the main text of Appendix A.
    Appears in Collections:[化學工程與材料工程研究所] 博碩士論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in NCUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    ::: Copyright National Central University. | 國立中央大學圖書館版權所有 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁 | 最佳瀏覽畫面: 1024*768 | 建站日期:8-24-2009 :::
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 隱私權政策聲明