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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3588


    Title: 電漿高分子聚合膜對二氧化碳及甲烷氣體之分離性研究;Studies of Plasma-polymerized Membranes for the Separation of Carbon Dioxide and Methane
    Authors: 劉時閔;Shih-Min Liu
    Contributors: 化學工程與材料工程研究所
    Keywords: 胺基基團;二異丙胺;選擇性;電漿聚合;diisopropylamine;selectivity;plasma polymerization;amino group
    Date: 2000-06-09
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:18:28 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 本文主要針對二氧化碳與甲烷氣體之分離進行實驗研究,為了達成分離二氧化碳與甲烷之目的,利用電漿聚合法來製備高分子分離膜。此分離膜之上層為電漿高分子膜,下層基材係由矽化物皮層、多孔性聚亞醯胺及聚酯不織布支撐層所組成之多層複合膜。研究中分離膜除採用二乙胺、三乙胺及二異丙胺分別作為電漿聚合之單體外,另導入氨氣體進行電漿處理,主要藉由二氧化碳與胺基間之相互作用,使得薄膜對二氧化碳有較佳之選擇性,進而提升二氧化碳與甲烷之分離效果。本研究以二異丙胺單體行電漿披覆時可使選擇性提升14.7倍(α=33.8);而以氨氣體進行電漿處理時,可使選擇性提升5倍(α=12),且仍維持其高滲透量(79.6GPU)。實驗結果亦顯示電漿處理過程中,電漿聚合與電漿蝕刻是同時存在而且相互競爭,並且發現隨電漿功率提升,滲透量會因電漿披覆厚度增加而下降,且其選擇性呈漸增趨勢,但在高功率下,由於蝕刻效應之影響致使分離膜產生裂痕,導致滲透量劇增選擇性則劇減。 藉由FTIR-ATR與ESCA分析二異丙胺電漿披覆膜表層之官能基及元素組成得知,胺基吸收之相對強度及氮/碳(N/C)之比值越高者,選擇性則越高,此乃由於胺基基團與二氧化碳間之相互作用,使得二氧化碳與甲烷之分離效果得以提升。 The separation of carbon dioxide and methane has been carried out by means of plasma-treated membranes in this work. The membrane used for separation comprised a plasma-treated polymeric layer on a composite substrate which is composed of a silicone skin layer and a supporting layer of porous polyimide and nonwoven polyester fabric. The monomers used for the plasma polymerization were selected due to their interaction between carbon dioxide and amino groups, including diethylamine, triethylamine and diisopropylamine in addition to gaseous ammonia, respectively. Among them, it increases selectivity up to 14.7 times (α=33.8) that was obtained by using diisopropylamine as the monomer for preparation of plasma-deposited membrane. However, an enhanced selectivity with 5 times (α=12) as high as that of the composite substrate could be obtained without a big loss of its gas permeation flux (R=79.6GPU) as a gaseous ammonia was used for the preparation of plasma-treated membrane. The results also showed that the plasma polymerization and plasma etching would take place simultaneously with mutual competition during plasma treatment. Furthermore, increasing the power input of plasma would firstly lead to decrease the gas permeation flux due to higher degree of plasma deposition and follow by increasing gas permeation flux dramatically attributed to etching effect. Therefore, the selectivity would increase firstly and level off as a result. From the analysis results of FTIR-ATR and ESCA on diisopropylamine plasma-deposited membrane, we found that the higher the intensity of amino group absorption and Nitrogen-to-Carbon (N/C) ratio, the higher selectivity the diisopropylamine plasma-deposited membrane was. Consequently, an enhancement on the selectivity for the separation of carbon dioxide and methane might result from the interaction between amino group and carbon dioxide
    Appears in Collections:[化學工程與材料工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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