A combined Raman-Rayleigh lidar has been designed at Chung-Li, Taiwan for the simultaneous measurement of water-vapor mixing ratio, temperature and extinction-to-backscatter ratio of aerosol in the lower troposphere. The technique of Raman-Rayleigh lidar can retrieve correct temperature profile in the lower troposphere where the measurements are underestimated due to the aerosol loading. Two typical cases are discussed under different humidity (dry/wet) conditions. The water vapor and temperature profile have shown a good agreement with radiosonde. Simultaneous measurement of Raman-Rayleigh lidar also illustrates the physical nature of the aerosol and is useful in understanding the effects of humidity on aerosol swelling. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS