Raman scattering from a few monolayers of benzoic acid (BA) enhanced by a thin layer of Ag-nanoparticles (AGNs) was studied, using a series of AGN films having different massthickness covering a range from 5 to 50 nm. Surface images taken using an atomic force microscope clearly reveal each individual AGN of average size similar to 25 nm. Extinction spectra of the AGN films exhibit a surface-plasma resonance peak at similar to 380 nm with a long tail extending to the visible region. When emphasizing the electromagnetic effect, the attenuated total reflection configuration was adopted to obtain an enhanced Raman spectrum. An optimum massthickness for enhancing Raman signal was found to be similar to 15 nm. A semi-empirical formula was also developed to estimate the Raman signals from a few monolayers of BA, hence the enhancement factor. The estimated enhancement factor is in the order of 10(4) for the optimum case. The enhancement is believed to originate from the excitation of surface plasmons (SPs). (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING B-SOLID STATE MATERIALS FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY