本論文以西方身體的觀點和傅柯的規訓理論來解讀佛教戒律，希望能從中了解戒律對僧伽的規訓的權力來源、戒律規訓僧伽的方法，以及比較七世紀中國和印度對僧伽身體規訓方法的不同。所以本文共分為六章：第一章，先概述研究目的、研究方法以及目前的研究狀況。第二章，探討戒律規訓身體的權力來源。第三章，以宗教學神聖與凡俗的觀念來比較中、印出家儀軌的不同。第四章，探討戒律對僧伽的身體在時間和空間上的規訓（住的規訓）。第五章，則探討戒律對僧伽身體的衣、食、行等規訓。第六章，結論的部份提出幾個論點： 一、戒律規訓僧伽身體的權力來自於僧團內所有的人，且其中的關係並非由上到下，而是像網絡一般相互連結。 二、戒律規訓身體的方式是落實在僧伽現實的生活層面，如食、衣、住行等層面來著手。 三、戒律規訓身體必須依據國情、風俗等實際況來調整。 The present research is aiming to examine The Buddhism discipline from the western viewpoints and the theory of Michel Foucault. It is my hope to understand the source of power and the methods that The Buddhism discipline has to discipline the monks. Also to compare the different methods which were used to train monks’ bodies and minds in China and India in the 7th century. This research is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 will be outlining the purpose of this research, the research methods and the current status of my research. Chapter 2 I will be examining the power source of discipline to train monks’ bodies and minds. Chapter 3, I will be comparing the concepts of religious ceremonies between China and India from the sacred and profane point of view. Chapter 4, I will be discussing the physical and mental influences in monks’ bodies and minds when applied the Buddhism disciplines on them. Chapter 5, I will be examining the influences of disciplines on monks’ food, clothing and transportation. Chapter 6, I will be pointing out some viewpoints in my conclusion. Here are some examples: First, the power source of disciplines is within the group of all the monks and not from the very top of the chain. And the relationship among the monks is spreaded out like a network. Second, The Buddhism disciplines are carried out in Monks’ daily lives such as food, clothing, living and transportation. Third, The Buddhism disciplines will have to be adjusted according to different cultures and customs.