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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/4397


    題名: 慾望科技:閱過科幻小說;Desire for Technology: Rereading Science Fiction and Beyond
    作者: 施弘尉;H-W Shih
    貢獻者: 英美語文學研究所
    日期: 2001-07-20
    上傳時間: 2009-09-22 09:18:29 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 素有法國後現代「高科技」社會理論大師之稱的尚布希亞,在其完整的「擬 仿物理論」中觸及了歷史、社會與當今科技的關聯;有鑑於此,本論文將依循此 理論,藉以探究科幻小說的前世今生,並用「慾望科技」這個概念,找出科技與 人性之間微妙的關係。Nokia 的廣告詞「科技始終來自於人性」似乎又再度使「科 技」這個字眼在台灣的學術會議上引發正反兩極的詮釋。甚者,有關科技與人文 的議題更不斷在學界延燒。基於「當下」的考量,布希亞提出擬仿物的三個階段, 藉以從歷史的進程中反思「真相」的概念以及科學一向強調的「客觀」。他將擬 仿物劃分成三階段,從文藝復興,到工業革命,再進入後現代; 之中,三個要 素分別是模仿、製造及模擬。本論文也將從這三個階段來檢視科幻小說的演變, 其中包括(1)萌芽期、(2)發展期與(3)成熟期。大致上,奇幻文學(如奧維德的《變 形記》)屬於第一期;傳統的科幻小說(如瑪麗雪萊的《科學怪人》屬於第二期; 科技理論(如基因工程)屬於第三期,亦是傳統科幻小說的延伸。在討論這三個時 期時,將從《科學怪人》中所衍生的普羅米修斯式的反叛切入,藉以「違背神意」 的科技主張破除似是而非的「自然法則」,並揭示潛藏在科技中的災難,以便發 展出人文/科技交纏的完美理論,去建造一個以人或自然為本的科技烏托邦。 Grounded in the French (postmodern high-tech social) thinker Jean Baudrillard’s theory of simulacra, my thesis focuses on the concept of the “desire for technology” to seek for an overall understanding of the relationship between technology and human desire, based on critical readings of science fictions and related materials. The slogan of Nokia’s commercial, “Technology always comes with human desire,” is a starting point that never fails to bring out conflicting interpretations of the human face of “technology” at some conferences in Taiwan. Issues associated with technology and humanity are, therefore, highlighted in academia. Based on a “here-and-now” perspective, Baudrillard points out the three orders of simulacra that rethink the conception of “reality” and the objectiveness of science in history. He classifies simulacra into three orders from the Renaissance through the industrial revolution to the postmodern era. The dominant schemes in the three orders are respectively counterfeit, production, and simulation. Similarly, my study also focuses on the three stages to examine the procession of science fiction (SF) and its earlier and later personifications, including the beginning, the developing, and the culminating stages. All in all, fantasy literature (e.g., Ovid’s Metamorphoses) belongs to the beginning stage. Science fiction (e.g., Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein) belongs to the developing one. Lastly, technological theory belongs to the culminating stage, namely, the expansion of traditional SF. Among the three stages, a Promethean rebellion against God’s will, especially derived from Frankenstein, will announce the death of Nature, disclose potential disasters in technology, and further stimulate us to construct a human-centered technological utopia.
    顯示於類別:[英美語文研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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