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    題名: 葛楚德、史坦茵之「鼓舉的肚腹」詩中浮現的三種感知形態:視覺、聽覺、觸覺感知;Stein’s Lesbian World:Sensations of Visuality, Sound, and Touch in “Lifting Belly”
    作者: 張鳳玲;Fong-Ling Chang
    貢獻者: 英美語文學研究所
    關鍵詞: 女同性戀文學;Gertrude Stein;Lesbianism
    日期: 2007-01-17
    上傳時間: 2009-09-22 09:19:14 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 本篇論文是在討論要葛楚德、史坦茵之「鼓舉的肚腹」詩中如何創造出三種截然不同的視覺、聽覺、觸覺感知來吸引讀者,也同時揭露詩中所蘊涵的女同性戀意義。筆者舉出了一種新的閱讀觀點。首先先從探討一群平凡無奇的代名詞所具有的特性來解讀這篇長詩。大多數研究葛楚德、史坦茵文學的評論家傾向只把他們的焦點放在「鼓舉的肚腹」這個詞彙如何產生女同性戀意義。但事實上這群代名詞也值得我們深入探討,因為它們能與「鼓舉的肚腹」這個詞彙相互指涉,所以讀者能透過它們逐次地來找到各種各樣流動的意義。因此筆者在本篇論文中把「鼓舉的肚腹」這個詞彙簡稱為是「多元意義的LB符號」(LB signifier)。因著這個發現,筆者想要說明史坦茵的這群代名詞與重複出現的LB符號能在她詩中所設計的三套語法結構中生產出女同性戀意義的原委。三套語法結構也就是圖案對位結構(the visual patterning system of coordination )、語言運作結構 (the performative mechanism of “general iterability”)、及對話式的傳聲結構(the aural mechanism of dialogue)。 由於女同性戀意義持續地在詩中浮現,筆者推論史坦茵偏好賦予這群代名詞及LB符號女性的性別認同,並企圖在詩中刻劃出一個女同性戀的世界。最後本文會解釋三種懸殊的視覺、聽覺、觸覺感知是如何跟隨著女同性戀意義產生的過程中依次地在詩中浮現出來。當女同性戀感知觸動了讀者的知覺及情感上的認同,他們也慢慢地相信所有女同性戀意義所形塑出來的女同性戀世界是真實存在的。 My thesis will focus on how Gertrude Stein’s poem, “Lifting Belly,” releases three distinctive sensations of visuality, sound, and touch to involve readers and reveals lesbian meanings in the poetic context. I will propose a new reading perspective to interpret Stein’s “Lifting Belly”—that is, to understand the poetic content from first exploring the functions of the pronouns in banal linguistic forms that we always overlook. Many Stein critics have a tendency to only emphasize how this phrase, “lifting belly,” produces lesbian meanings in this poem. However, the pronouns are actually worth of our careful scrutiny because their identification with this phrase can direct us to track down various and shifting meanings for this phrase in a gradual process. Hence, in my thesis I will call this phrase as a polyvalent LB signifier. With both the pronouns I bring into my discussion and repeated LB signifiers, I will secondly explain how both them are appropriated by Stein to produce lesbian meanings within three operative mechanisms—the visual patterning system of coordination, the performative mechanism of “general iterability” (Culler 100), and the aural mechanism of dialogue—structured in this poem. Along with the process of my investigation, lesbian elements will be revealed sequentially to suggest Stein’s preference in privileging female gendering for both the used pronouns and LB signifiers and her political purpose to present a lesbian world in this poem, “Lifting Belly.” Finally, I will display how three diverse sensations of visuality, sound, and touch are released along with the lesbian elements that are signified in these three mechanisms. While lesbian sensations provoke readers into a perceptible and emotional engagement into this poem, readers are drawn to believe in the lesbian world constituted by all the lesbian elements.
    顯示於類別:[英美語文研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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