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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/4692


    Title: 「反共義士」之研究--以投台中共飛行員為中心;A Look at Defectors—focusing on Chinese Communist Aviators defecting to Taiwan
    Authors: 倪孟安;Mon-An Nee
    Contributors: 歷史研究所
    Keywords: 反共;義士;反共義士;起義;defector;freedom seeker
    Date: 2005-06-19
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 09:30:15 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 論文提要內容: 「反共義士」為冷戰時代下的特殊產物,在台灣主要是泛指從中國大陸出走的人,尤其是指有政治意識的去脫離共產中國統治者。仔細分析「反共義士」其實可分成數種類型,其中最廣為人知的便是直接駕駛飛機「投奔自由」,因為它們往往引起媒體的聚焦而造成國際間的轟動。按目前所能掌握的資料,1949年中華民國政府遷台之後,共有十三件中共飛行員駕機投台的案例,所以本研究便試圖從軍方檔案資料、報紙媒體及口述訪談的方式去整理、描述駕機投台中共飛行員的相關史事,並辨正相關傳聞之誤。 論文內容共分成六章,其架構,除首章〈導論〉外,可分成兩個部份說明: 第一個部份將這十三件個案按時代背景的特性分成三個時期(章節),鋪陳敘述中共飛行員投台的史事,並初步分析他們離開中國大陸「投奔自由祖國」的原因,此乃前三章的主要內容。 第二個部份則是議題式的進一步討論,藉前文初步探討相關史事之後,試圖再深入研究值得探討的議題、辯正中共駕機投台飛行員的相關問題與盲點。其中筆者彙整了「反共義士」的相關勳獎法條,也發現了許多政治宣傳與媒體傳聞的造假與疑點,此乃第五章和結論的主要內容。 大致上本篇研究為首次有人整理中共投台飛行員(「反共義士」)的相關史事,對於原本流於政治宣傳、媒體報導的內容有著糾正釐清之效。 Abstract Title of Thesis:A Look at Defectors—focusing on Chinese Communist Aviators defecting to Taiwan Number of pages:236 Term of Graduation:Master’s Thesis for graduation in Second Semester, Academic Year of 94 ROC Graduate Student: Mon-An Nee Advisor:Mao-Chi Chi, Ph.D. Abstract of Thesis: ‘Defectors’ are special products of the cold war era. In Taiwan the term generally refers to those eloped from mainland China, especially those who in a political sense severed ties from the Communist rulers in China. Upon further examination, defectors can be categorized into several groups. Among them the most well know group is those flew their airplanes “seeking freedom”. Such incidents usually drew intense media attention and became international sensations. According to all currently available resources, since the government of ROC relocated to Taiwan in 1949, there were 13 cases of Chinese Communist pilots flew their planes to Taiwan. The intention of this research is to sort through military files, as well as mass media’s report and interviews, to describe the historical facts of these Chinese Communist pilot defectors, and to correct some related misinformation. The thesis contends 6 chapters. Chapter one is the Introduction. The rest of the chapters can be viewed as 2 parts. Part One takes the 13 cases and groups them into 3 separate periods (each a separate chapter) according to the historical characteristics of these cases. In each chapter the historical facts of these defections are presented. This write also attempts preliminary analyses on each defector’s reason for leaving mainland China to ‘seek the free Mother Country’. Part Two provides a further discussion on the title topic. Based on the historical facts presented in the previous chapters, this paper looks deeper into some thought provoking issues and blind spots associated with the defectors. In particular, this writer assembles all government regulations associated with rewarding the ‘defectors’, and discovers many falsehood and doubts in the political propagandas and media tabloids. These are the key points in Chapter 5 and The Conclusion. Being the first paper focusing on the historical facts about these Chinese Communist pilots- ‘defectors’, this paper hopes to achieve some much needed clarifications and corrections on long accustomed political propagandas and popular media reports.
    Appears in Collections:[歷史研究所] 博碩士論文

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