|本文主要是探討戰後臺灣登山活動之發展。據本文之研究，從荷西、明鄭、清到日治初期，登山活動的型態是以政經考量以及觀賞山景為其主要目的；到1926年「臺灣山岳會」成立後，雖然休閒登山逐漸興盛，但隨後因二次世界大戰爆發，臺灣登山活動又轉趨沒落。 至戰後初期，雖然政府所頒佈的各類「山地管制」法規的限制，對戰後臺灣登山活動造成阻礙，但隨著時間的演變，政府為發展林業、道路建設以及推動觀光業和設立山岳型國家公園等措施，卻間接輔助了戰後登山活動的發展，在這些外在環境的輔助推動下，終使得戰後臺灣登山活動逐漸活絡。 除外在因素的輔助推動外，岳界自身也積極推動登山活動：戰後三大山脈的首登，除再次開啟臺灣高山地帶之攀登外，其足跡幾乎踏遍全臺高山；其次，戰後臺灣兩大山岳組織所發行之會刊中，舉凡對登山活動之推廣、登山安全之注重、登山知識之累積，更加充實戰後登山的安全性；最後在岳界主要人物的貢獻下，戰後登山活動之內涵遂得以更加充實。 經外在環境轉變之影響及岳界的大力推動和充實，使得戰後臺灣登山活動由初期的停滯，轉而逐漸興盛的過程，以及在這過程中所產生的特點和可繼續發展之研究，則是經由本文研究所得之成果。 This article is to explore the development of mountaineering activities of post-war Taiwan. According to this study, the main types of mountain climbing activities were on political and economic considerations, during from the Netherlands reign, the Ming-Cheng Dynasty to the early era of Japanese colony. It was not until the establishment of "The Alpine Club of Taiwan" that recreational climbing gradually became flourished, however, after the outbreak of the Second World War, mountain activities in Taiwan declined again. It went to the early postwar period, although various kinds of "Control Act of Mountain" regulations ,which hampered the mountaineering activities in post-war Taiwan were made by Government, but it indirectly supporting the development of mountaineering activities in the post-war Taiwan because of the development of forestry, the road construction ,the tourist industry and the national park completes. It the reasons for flourishing about mountaineering activities in the post-war Taiwan . The mountaineering-groups were also actively promoting its own climbing activities in addition, it’s including : people who board the three major mountain at first in the post-war Taiwan , were not being only re-opening mountain climbing of the Taiwan, but the footprint was also over around the mountains of Taiwan; Secondly, the journals of two major organizations enriched the mountain safety, mountaineering activities and the knowledge of mountaineering in the post-war Taiwan; then, the mountaineering activities were becoming colorful by the people of mountaineering- groups who contributed for the mountaineering activity at last. After the impact of changes in the external environment and the mountaineer groups promote and enrich the mountaineering activities, making the mountaineering activities in post-war Taiwan from the early turn of the process of gradually flourished, and in the process arising from the characteristics and the research will continue to develop, all about that were the results of this study.