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    题名: 陸軍第一士官學校教育之研究—以常備士官班為例(1965-1985年);The Research of The First NCO School Education— A Case Study of Regular NCO Squad(1965-1985)
    作者: 楊紫瑩;Zi-Ying Yang
    贡献者: 歷史研究所碩士在職專班
    关键词: 士官;政治教育;常備士官班;陸軍第一士官學校;軍事社會化;Non-commissioned officers (N.C.O.)
    日期: 2006-06-22
    上传时间: 2009-09-22 09:31:43 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 陸軍第一士官學校教育之狀況,士官為軍隊組成之基幹,國軍之士官教育以士官學校為主要之培育場所。本文主要研究於1957年創立第一所對士官做教育訓練之學校,即為陸軍第一士官學校,歷年來為中華民國國軍部隊培育不少優良的基層幹部,成為鞏固部隊基層之磐石。本文以陸軍第一士官學校創立之背景與初期之發展、學校人事狀況、學校之教育特色作為探討方向,並透過研究瞭解陸軍第一士官學校教育之原貌,及其在國軍軍事教育扮演之角色地位。 從研究中發現,第一士官學校之建立與美援有密切的關係。韓戰後,美國隨後恢復對台灣的援助,由於老士官之凋零與戰備之需要,士官之培養與補充,為健全軍中基層幹部,於1957年成立陸軍第一士官學校。成立之初,美國軍事顧問團之主官經常至學校參觀視察,並管制學校人事之編配狀況。1965年為促使國軍基層幹部之新陳代謝,改制招考(初)國中應屆畢業生及同等學歷之社會青年,而創辦新制常備士官班,除各國武官外,總統、國防部長及總司令、副總司令等國軍高級將領亦多次到校參訪,可見當時政府對新制常備士官教育之重視。 陸軍第一士官學校之校長及重要行政人員均屬軍職人員,但主政者的頻頻輪調,讓士校缺乏較長遠的規劃與持續性的政策。教育由軍事人員與文職教師交織而成,但文職教師所享又之權益不若軍職人員,而所需承擔之義務較一般高中教師多,一切行宜如同軍職人員之管制辦法。 陸軍第一士官學校在招生工作上運用各種宣導方式,激發年輕人投入陸軍士官學校,研究結果發現學生之家境普遍不佳,以中下階層居多,士官學校解決了這些家庭教育能力不足之問題。在陸軍第一士官學校軍事社會化之教育特色下,對於學生嚴謹的素質考核與艱苦的軍事體能戰技訓練,士校生活期間帶給學生一個磨練心志的機會,對其後來退伍就業的態度有著深遠的影響。 Non-commissioned officers are the basic cadres of the army. They are mainly trained by the First Non-commissioned Officer School. The NCO School was founded in 1957. It has educated many excellent cadres since then. This dissertation is to study the school’s founding background, its development, personnel, and the special features. Through the study, we can know the original situations of this school, and know how it played an important role in the military education of the country. The founding of the NCO School is related to the American Aid. In order to supplement the shortage of non-commissioned officers, the NCO School was founded by late President Chiang Kai-shek in 1957. In the first few years, the members of the US Military Assistance and Advisory Group often came to visit the school and made some inspections. In addition, our late Presidents, the Ministers of the Ministry of National Defense, Commanders-in-chief also often came to inspect and gave instructions. Most school’s administrators are military officers, but because of their frequent alternation, the education policy and the planning of this school are not always continued. Students are taught and trained by both military officers and civil teachers, but their rights and duties are not the same. During the years, the NCO School used all kinds of ways to encourage the young people to enter this school. Students are trained and educated strictly at the school. The financial condition and home education of most students’ family are not so good, the school help to solve these problems. The school’s education has great effects on their lives.
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