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    题名: 張春橋與文革之研究(1966-1976);A Study of Zhang Chunqiao and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution(1966-1976)
    作者: 吳靜玫;Ching-mei Wu
    贡献者: 歷史研究所碩士在職專班
    关键词: 張春橋;安亭事件;文革;Zhang Chunqiao;the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution;Anting Incident
    日期: 2007-06-25
    上传时间: 2009-09-22 09:32:46 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學圖書館
    摘要: 本文主要探討的問題有三:第一,張春橋是因文化大革命而起的政治新秀,文革初期因為赴上海處理「安亭事件」而聲名大噪,安亭事件是否如中共黨史著作所提由張春橋先斬後奏,是需再去還原其歷史真相。第二,在文革時期,毛澤東在中共黨內至高權威地位是不容挑戰的,張春橋的政治命運,顯然與毛澤東的態度有直接關係,在詭譎多變的文革權力鬥爭裡,張春橋如何在中共內部派系間周旋,即使在文革中遭到多次的「炮打」,也都在毛澤東的一句話下,化險為夷,這是值得去探討的。第三,文革末期,在周恩來死後,中國大陸便發生了一場影響深遠的「四•五運動」,這場運動為日後粉碎江青集團奠定了群眾基礎,此一事件裡張春橋所扮演的關鍵角色,將在此做深入討論。 張春橋因長期與柯慶施、江青合作而成為在文革時期崛起的政治人物,在文革十年中一路由「中央文革」副組長、中央政治局常委到國務院副總理,高居中央首長的位置。張春橋是文革時期極左派的代表人物,在文革中忠實的推行毛澤東路線,在文革中不僅是奪權者,同時也是一位理論家,在理論方面可說是毛澤東晚年思想的傳人。 The thesis aims to discuss three issues. First, Zhang Chunqiao is the political rising star from the Cultural Revolution. In the initial stage of the Cultural Revolution, Zhang becomes prominent known because of going to Shanghai to handle "Anting Incident". Is the "Anting Incident" the same with CPC (Communist Party of China) History? It needs us to return the historical truth again. Second, during the Culture Revolution, Mao Zedong can't be challenged to inner-party to the high authoritative position in the CPC, Zhang Chunqiao's political destiny, obviously have a direct relation with Mao Zedong's attitude. How did Zhang Chunqiao contend with others among the inside faction in the strange and changeful struggle for power of the CPC during the Culture Revolution? Even he was attacked many times during the Culture Revolution. He always turned peril into safety under one word of Mao Zedong. This is worth probing into. Third, in latter stage of the Culture Revolution, after Zhou EngLai died, the “April Fifth Movement” happened with larger force in Mainland China. This movement has established mass foundation for crushing Jiang Qing group in the future. The key role that Zhang Chunqiao acts in this incident will be discussed thoroughly here.
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