日本殖民台灣所推動的近代西式教育，不但開啟台灣教育史的新紀元，也是台灣近代文化與社會變遷的主要動力。其中圖畫教育的實施，不但開啟台人的美術視野，也為往後台灣美術發展奠定重要基礎。然而，當時台灣並沒有美術專門學校，想深究藝術領域者只好負笈異鄉學習，雖然當時留學地區有日本、中國大陸及歐美等地，但在語言、交通等各項因素的考量下，仍以前往日本者居多，學習美術者亦是如此。其中位居上野的東京美術學校即是台灣學生的首選，因為這所藝術殿堂在1889年成立後不久，即成為日本美術界的翹楚，隨著日本勢力的擴張，也成為東亞美術的權威，不僅在台灣，許多中國和朝鮮等地的優秀藝術家亦出身於此校。日治時期畢業於此校的台籍生共有21位，他們在戰前是推動台灣新美術運動的中堅份子，戰後在美術教育方面亦貢獻良多，此外，從他們學習、探索藝術的過程亦可了解台灣近百年來美術發展的脈絡。因此本文嘗試以多元的視點，針對他們在求學、工作歷程，以及在美術教育和活動的參與情形，做一歸納、整理和分析，藉此究明這座藝術殿堂對他們藝術生涯的影響，以及他們在台灣美術史上的評價與定位。 Japan promoted modern western education system after colonizing Taiwan.It not only opened the new era education, but brought the main motive of modern culture and social changes. Carrying out the painting education widened the art vision of the people and established the important foundation for the art development in Taiwan. However, there was not any special art school in Taiwan at that time. The students had no choice but to go abroad. They studied in Japan, China, America and Europe. Most of them were in Japan because of many considerations. The art learners were the same situation. Their best choice was Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko. This was the leading school after its formal establishment in 1889. It was the authority of the art in East Asia after the expansion of Japan. In China, Taiwan and Korea, there were many excellent artists graduated from this school. There were 21 Taiwan students graduated from Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko at that time. They played an important role in Taiwan's art movements before World War II, and contributed tremendously after the war. In addition, we know the art development in the last hundred years of Taiwan by their study and exploration. This paper tries to make a summary, collation and analysis about their studies, works and art activities from multiple perspectives to understand the impact of this school in their artistic career, as well as their achievement and status in Taiwanese art history.