洪秀全領導的太平天國，歷經14年、遍及18省，強烈地衝擊並動搖了清王朝的統治。在太平天國的眾多人物之中，石達開是相當獨特而且突出的一位。他短暫的一生和整個太平天國的興衰成敗密切地結合在一起。本論文即是以石達開為研究主題，針對石達開的一生，按重要事件的時間分期，來分析其與太平天國之間的關係及所產生的影響。 第一部分石達開與太平天國的崛起，主要針對石達開加入拜上帝會，並成為太平天國核心領導人的過程進行研究，以探討在崛起階段兩者之關係。第二部分石達開與太平天國前期的軍政發展，則是分析石達開在天京事變之前，軍事及政治上的作為。第三部分天京事變與石達開的出走，主要是探討石達開在天京事變中的定位及後來出走的原因及影響。第四部分石達開出走後的軍事行動，是以石達開轉戰浙閩開始，直到大渡河敗亡期間的軍事作戰行動為主，分析其各階段的戰略目標及戰術運用，並探討石達開的軍事作為與太平天國後期發展的關係及影響。 Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, leading by Hong Xiuquan and lasting for fourteen years with an impact on eighteen provinces, weakened Qing Dynasty drastically. Among many leading figures of the Taiping, Shi Dakai was unique and outstanding. His short life was closely related with the rise and fall of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The subject of this study is Shi Dakai and I will divide his life into four parts according to important events of his life.The first part, Shi Dakai and the rising of TaipingHeavenly Kingdom, is to analyze Shi Dakai’s family background, his participation in God-worshipping Party and his climb of official ladder in the Taiping’s officialdom. The second part, Shi Dakai in the first stage of Taiping Movement, will study Shi’s military strategies, his political ability and his achievements before the establishment of the Taiping’s capital at Nanking. The third part, the Incident of Tianjing and Shi Dakai’s departure, will explore Shi’s role in the Tianjing’s Incident and the reason of his departure. The forth part, Shi Dakai’s development after his departure, will discuss She’s fighting in Zhejiang and Fujian until his failure in Dadu River. I will also examine his military strategies and tactics at this period and the influence of his fighting on the final stage of Taiping movement.