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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/49366

    Title: 公益勸募制度之研究─新制度主義觀點;The Researcher of Charity Donations of Social Welfare Funds Regulation: Neo-Institutionalism Viewpoint
    Authors: 陳定銘
    Contributors: 客家政治經濟研究所
    Keywords: 研究領域:公共行政
    Date: 2011-08-01
    Issue Date: 2012-01-17 18:29:25 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
    Abstract: 台灣在2006 年5 月17 日公布公益勸募條例,顯示政府對於公益勸募制度的法制化建構日加重視。但台灣的公益勸募活動,時常面臨大眾的質疑與爭議,就完備性來看,顯示公益勸募制度仍須再行修正。本研究欲以新制度主義觀點切入理性選擇行為、歷史脈絡以及個體與結構間的互動網絡三者,來探討其與公益勸募制度的交互影響關係,並從政府面看政策影響及制度強化公益勸募組織的合法性、課責性的角色是否合宜。本研究選定英國、美國、日本三個分別分佈於歐洲、美洲與亞洲的成熟公民社會國家,以全球化視野來探索不同國別與其公益勸募歷史的發展與運作機制,並從台灣與前述國家制度歧異程度,思考最佳、可行的取經對象、研提政策之具體建議方向,期使我國公益募款制度更臻完善。基此,本研究以兩年為期,第一年析探台灣非營利組織公益勸募的發展背景、運作方式、法制分析,以及面臨的問題;另透過進行英、美、日三國深入的訪察,了解三國公益勸募活動的要素及運作準則,並比較三國制度優劣以便截長補短。第二年;聚焦於台灣代表性的公益勸募組織,透過深度訪談、焦點座談與社會網絡分析工具將政府、勸募團體、捐款者以及受助者四方納入分析,並根據歷史背景與法制發展建構一套適合台灣的公益勸募制度架構,以此作為未來政府研擬相關政策與法制的參考。Charity Donations Destined for Social Welfare Funds Implementation Regulations was published on May 17th, 2006. It shows that Taiwan government is putting more emphasize on regularizing charity donations. However, the legal structure of fund raising in Taiwan needs to be improved because of it faces populace's question and the dispute. This research studies the relationship between rational choice theory, history and the network between individual and group in the view of neo- institutional theory, and investigating whether it is appropriate to use legal system to strengthen NPO’s legitimacy and accountability. This research takes UK, USA and Japan as benchmarks, studying their histories and operation mechanism to find a way to further improve Taiwan’s charity donations system. The research is divided into two steps. In the first year, we will investigate the development, operation mechanism, legal structure and challenges of Taiwan NPO’s fund raising and investigating UK, USA and Japan’s social welfare systems to promote comprehension of their charity donations raising elements and operation mechanism in order to improve Taiwan’s charity donations system. In the second year, we will take Taiwan’s representative non-profit organization as our target and take government, NPO, donators and service users into policy network by means of in-depth interviewing, focus group discussion, and social network analysis. At the end of research, we will propose a suitable structure framework for Taiwan’s charity donations. 研究期間:10008 ~ 10107
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[客家政治經濟研究所 ] 研究計畫

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