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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/49380

    Title: 台灣東部之地表變形與大地構造研究:雷達干涉、宇宙射線暴露定年及地形與斷層力學分析(III);+B6196Study on Surface Deformation and Tectonics of Eastern Taiwan Area: Radar Interferometry, Cosmic Ray Exposure Dating and Morphological and Fault Mechanism Analyses (Iii)
    Authors: 張中白;顏君毅
    Contributors: 太空及遙測研究中心
    Keywords: Radar interferometry;PSInSAR;Cosmic Ray Exposure Dating;morphological analysis;fault mechanism analysis;Tectonic activity;研究領域:地球科學類
    Date: 2011-08-01
    Issue Date: 2012-01-17 18:49:00 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
    Abstract: 本年度為本計畫規劃之第三年,除沿續前兩年的工作外,今年研究區域將增加蘭陽平原及周圍山區。宇宙射線暴露定年工作初步之採樣工作已經完成,今年度將至法國從事分析工作。此外亦將增加全區之地形分析工作,配合其它成果期能獲得更完整之大地構造資訊。位於台灣東部的花東縱谷,分隔了中央山脈與海岸山脈,一直被視為台灣島上最重要的構造線,標示著菲律賓海板塊與歐亞大陸板塊的縫合帶。此處的地表變形速率相當快速,每年吸收了3 公分的縮短量。本研究預計針對台灣東部板塊縫合帶,以及蘭陽平原及周圍山區,以衛星雷達影像所衍生的測量方法,偵測區域的微量地表變形行為。由於雷達差分干涉法一般只能在平原地區施測,在山區或植被較厚的地區則受到許多限制,本研究因此將應用新開發的永久散設體干涉測量法,觀測研究區內的地表變形。永久散射體干涉測量法尋找地面固定散設點,針對多張影像進行運算,克服本研究區多山的地形,有效獲得地表變形資訊。為了更進一步了解台灣花東縱谷西側中央山脈的抬升過程及構造演化,需要了解不同時間尺度的構造活動情況。本研究因此自去年起增加增加宇宙射線暴露定年法,研究長期暴露在地表的河流階地以及流域盆地的堆積物,以定量更新世以來的造山運動速率。本研究亦將配合地形分析及詳細的野外地質調查,並藉由分析岩石之脆性變形,了解區域之應變與應力來源,進一步與雷達干涉成果比對,探討當地之地表變形歷史與構造活動情形。 The time to go through this project is taken into account as three years and this year is the third year. For this year, except for continuing the planned works, we will extend our target to cover the Ilan area. For the Cosmic Ray Exposure Dating, we have already finished the sampling work, and will carry out the following analysis in France in the coming year. Besides, we will add the morphological analysis in this study. This observation based on morphology could improve our knowledge on styles and amount of the crustal deformation. On the eastern side of the Taiwan mountain belt, the Longitudinal Valley between the Central Range and the Coastal Range, marks the suture zone between the Eurasian plate and the Philippine Sea plate. Across this valley, a present-day relative velocity of about 3 cm/yr has been detected by geodetic means. This project aims at applying the space-borne radar technique to determine the surface deformation of the eastern Taiwan suture zone in detail. As Taiwan situated in a subtropical area, it is considered that both the steepness of mountains and the dense vegetation on land would provide the essential difficulty for the application of SAR. In this study, we thus tend to apply the persistent scatterers (PS) interferometry to deal with this difficulty. The PS technique is an advanced tool for processing series of interferometric SAR data aiming at millimetric precision in ground deformation mapping. This determination will largely help us to define the locations of active faults and their activities. In order to better understand the uplift process and tectonic evolution of the eastern flank of the Central Range at different time scales, we tend to add a new dating technique in this research from last year: the Cosmic Ray Exposure Dating. This analysis will reveal the uplift rate and denudation rate of the river terraces and drainage basins in this area. Besides, for realizing the regional strain and the stress orientation, we will carry out a detail field investigation and a series of morphological and fault mechanism analysis. These results can be combined with the interferometric observation to obtain a better understanding of the neotectonics and the deformation history of the eastern Taiwan suture zone. 研究期間:10008 ~ 10107
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[太空及遙測研究中心] 研究計畫

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