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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/49422


    題名: 全球二氧化碳和溫度監測計畫;Global Co2 and Temperature Monitoring Project
    作者: 王國英;李永安
    貢獻者: 環境研究中心
    關鍵詞: 研究領域:大氣科學類
    日期: 2011-08-01
    上傳時間: 2012-01-17 18:52:14 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 行政院國家科學委員會
    摘要: 本計畫將長期監測全球大氣、全球海洋邊界層溫室效應氣體濃度,至少觀測二十年,協助國際進行全球暖化和全球氣候變遷的研究。本計畫即將在2010 年初前完成在長榮海運9 艘國際貨櫃輪上,進行太平洋至印度洋,及太平洋至大西洋的經常性觀測,搜集二氧化碳於全球主要海洋大氣中的空間和時間變化。此外,本計畫的另一重點,為結合福爾摩沙衛星三號的全球水汽觀測資料;空中觀測平台則將由中華航空提供十架以上波音747-400 飛機,進行二氧化碳濃度的觀測。因此, 透過整合台灣福爾摩沙衛星三號的全球水汽觀測資料、長榮海運貨櫃輪的海平面觀測資料、中華航空的飛機觀測資料,將可了解溫室效應氣體未來十至二十年在太平洋地區的濃度變化,有助國際研究全球暖化。 Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and global temperatures are two keys for observing present climate and for predicting future climate change. Human emit about 30 billion tone of carbon dioxide each year. About half of these emissions remain in the atmosphere, while the rest are absorbed by terrestrial vegetations and oceans. What are the temporal variations and spatial distributions of carbon dioxide absorbed by the vegetations and oceans? Can these natural absorbers continuously provide human such a great buffer for the carbon dioxide that human has been enjoying for the past 50 years? In a world with projecting increase in fossil fuel usage, changes in the capability of these natural processes in absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere remains unknown. Ground-based stations such as Mauna Loa and other NOAA CMDL stations continuously provide excellent long-term measurements of carbon dioxide. These stations are good in showing long-term trend of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, station-based data are limited by its spatial coverage. They cannot answer where and when the carbon dioxide been absorbed over the oceans and terrestrial vegetation. Until we are able to proactively go out to measure carbon dioxide in the air above oceans, in the surface ocean, and over the forests, our understanding of where and when the carbon dioxide been absorbed each year remains elusive. Hence, measuring carbon dioxide on a global scale has become a top priority for the past few years by top international institutes. These efforts include the Japanese GOSAT (Greenhouse gas observing satellite), successfully launched on 23 Jan 2009; the US OCO (Orbiting Carbon Observatory), launched on 24 Feb 2009 but was unable to reach the orbit; the US HIPPO project; the Japanese CONTRAIL project; the EU MOZAIC and IAGOS-ERI projects; the EU ICOS project; and the EU CARVASSO and CARBOOCEAN projects. On the other hand, observations of global temperatures contain uncertainties. Conventional observations (synoptic observations) are mainly provided by ground-based stations and radionsonde stations. Asynoptic observations are provided by ships, buoys, pilots and profilers, aircrafts, and satellite radiance retrieval. Since temperature observations are widely used as a key parameter to characterize current climate and climate trends, the use of more accurate temperature measurements can significantly improving our understanding of current climate and climate trends. The main purpose of this project is to produce accurate, long-term, and sustainable measurements of carbon dioxide over the oceans and terrestrial vegetations; and to produce better estimates of global temperature trends using temperature measurements from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC GPS radio occultation measurements. In doing so, we can help track global distributions of carbon dioxides following their emissions on a finer temporal and spatial scales, and try to work out a genuine global temperature distribution in the context of rising carbon dioxide concentrations. A better knowledge of global carbon dioxide distribution can lead to better estimates of the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide from regional to global scales; a better knowledge of global temperature distribution can contribute to the assessment of current and future climate trends. These efforts are expected to play a significant role as the world moving toward a more stringent control of global carbon emissions and as the world entering a new decade predicted to be warmer than the 2000-2009. In addition, this project will expand the current global carbon dioxide observations now undertaken by international projects such as GOSAT, CONTRAIL, HIPPO, AQUA AIRS, ICOS, IAGOS-ERI, CARVASSO, and CARBOOCEAN; and the current global temperature observations undertaken by earth-observing satellites. 研究期間:10008 ~ 10107
    關聯: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    顯示於類別:[環境研究中心] 研究計畫

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