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    题名: Structure and hydrogen storage properties of Mg(2)Cu(1-x)Ni(x) (x=0-1) alloys
    作者: Hsu,FK;Hsua,CW;Chang,JK;Lin,CK;Lee,SL;Jiang,CE
    贡献者: 機械工程學系
    关键词: HYDRIDING COMBUSTION SYNTHESIS;NANOCRYSTALLINE;COMPOSITES;MAGNESIUM;FE
    日期: 2010
    上传时间: 2012-03-27 17:05:01 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: The effect of Ni-substitution on the structure and hydrogen storage properties of Mg(2)Cu(1-x)Ni(x) (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1) alloys prepared by a method combining electric resistance melting with isothermal evaporation casting process (IECP) has been studied. The X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis results showed that the cell volume decreases with increasing Ni concentration, and crystal structure transforms Mg(2)Cu with face-centered orthorhombic into Ni-containing alloys with hexagonal structure. The Ni-substitution effects on the hydriding reaction indicated that absorption kinetics and hydrogen storage capacity increase in proportion to the concentration of the substitutional Ni. The activated Mg(2)Cu and Mg(2)Ni alloys absorbed 2.54 and 3.58 wt% H, respectively, at 573 K under 50 bar H(2). After a combined high temperature and pressure activation cycle, the charged samples were composed of MgH(2), MgCu(2) and Mg(2)NiH(4) while the discharged samples contained ternary alloys of Mg-Cu-Ni system with the helpful effect of rising the desorption plateau pressures compared with binary Mg-Cu and Mg-Ni alloys. With increasing nickel content, the effect of Ni is actually effective in MgH(2) and Mg(2)NiH(4) destabilization, leading to a decrease of the desorption temperature of these two phases. (C) 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    關聯: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
    显示于类别:[機械工程學系] 期刊論文

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