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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/50402


    Title: The Impact of a Warm Ocean Eddy on Typhoon Morakot (2009): A Preliminary Study from Satellite Observations and Numerical Modelling
    Authors: Lin,II;Chou,MD;Wu,CC
    Contributors: 大氣物理研究所
    Keywords: WESTERN NORTH PACIFIC;TROPICAL CYCLONE INTENSITY;APERTURE RADAR IMAGES;THERMAL STRUCTURE;HURRICANE-OPAL;EAST-COAST;CORE RING;PART I;TAIWAN;SEA
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-03-27 17:30:56 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: On 6 August 2009, typhoon Morakot encountered a giant warm ocean eddy approximately 700 km by 500 km in the southern eddy rich zone of the western North Pacific Ocean. Soon after passing over the warm ocean eddy, Morakot reached its peak intensity at category 2. Results based on multiple satellite observations and numerical modelling suggest very favourable ocean conditions provided by the warm ocean eddy during this earlier developmental stage of Morakot. It is found that in the presence of the observed warm ocean eddy, the upper ocean heat content increased significantly by similar to 100%, from similar to 60 to 120 KJ cm(-2). This very deep and warm subsurface temperature effectively reduced the negative feedback of typhoon-induced ocean cooling. As a result, the during-storm sea surface temperature remained high at similar to 29 - 30 degrees C. This very warm during-typhoon sea surface temperature (SST) provided an increase in air-sea enthalpy flux supply by similar to 200% (i.e., similar to 500W m(-2) under the warm eddy situation .vs. the similar to 170 W m(-2) under the without eddy situation). Also, since the during-typhoon SST remained high, the moisture supply was increased to enhance convective activities. Numerical experiments using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model suggest that the presence of the warm ocean eddy does not change the overall structure or characteristics of Morakot. Rather, it contributes to a similar to 10% increase in Morakot's precipitation. This research shows that in addition to the favourable atmospheric conditions such as the Intra-Seasonal Oscillation or the southwestern monsoon flow, there also exist favourable ocean conditions provided by the presence of a warm ocean eddy during the early developmental stage of Morakot. Further studies based on a full-physics typhoon-ocean coupled model are needed to quantify the role of the upper ocean features in affecting the evolution of Morakot, including its rainfall over Taiwan.
    Relation: TERRESTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCES
    Appears in Collections:[大氣物理研究所 ] 期刊論文

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