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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/50465


    Title: Superrotation of the ionosphere and quiet time zonal ion drifts at low and middle latitudes observed by Republic of China Satellite-1 (ROCSAT-1)
    Authors: Pacheco,EE;Heelis,RA;Su,SY
    Contributors: 太空科學研究所
    Keywords: EQUATORIAL F-REGION;UPPER-ATMOSPHERE;PLASMA DRIFTS;WINDS;DE-2;JICAMARCA;FIELDS;DYNAMO
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-03-27 17:32:40 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: Local-time variations of zonal drifts at different latitudes, longitudes, and seasons are investigated using ion drift measurements from the Republic of China Satellite-1 (ROCSAT-1). We select a quiet time period defined when Dst > -100 nT and K(p) <= 3. The ion drifts in the magnetic zonal direction are latitude (apex height) dependent and differ for different longitude sectors and seasons. Superrotation of the ionosphere is observed in the zonal drift measurements, particularly at the lower latitudes. The ionospheric superrotation generally decreases with increasing latitude and is attributed mainly to the F region dynamo where the features of the neutral wind and conductance affect the characteristics of the superrotation at different latitudes, longitudes, and seasons. We suggest that the latitudinal variation of the superrotation is mainly produced by the decrease in latitude of the neutral winds in the F region. A decrease of conductance with increasing latitude is also present, but evidence shows that neutral winds decrease faster with latitude than the conductance for high solar flux conditions. The longitudinal and seasonal variations of the superrotation are more influenced by changes in the F region conductance that is modified by vertical E x B ion drift motions and neutral wind-induced ion drift motions along magnetic field lines.
    Relation: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
    Appears in Collections:[太空科學研究所 ] 期刊論文

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