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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/50467


    Title: The 762 nm emissions of sprites
    Authors: Kuo,CL;Chang,SC;Lee,LJ;Huang,TY;Chen,AB;Su,HT;Hsu,RR;Sentman,DD;Frey,HU;Mende,SB;Takahashi,Y;Lee,LC
    Contributors: 太空科學研究所
    Keywords: MOLECULAR NITROGEN;OXYGEN;THERMOSPHERE;PARAMETERS;ATMOSPHERE;SATELLITE;DISCHARGE;AFTERGLOW;O-2;N-2
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-03-27 17:32:43 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: We report the 762 nm emissions in sprites recorded by the ISUAL experiment onboard the FORMOSAT-2 satellite. The 762 nm imager filter is centered at 763.3 nm with a 7 nm bandwidth at 50% transmittance. Sprite emissions in this passband include the N(2) first positive (1PN(2)) bands, (2, 0) and (3, 1), the O(2) atmospheric (atm) band (0, 0), and the hydroxyl (4, 0) emissions. Because these mixed emissions cannot be resolved in the 762 nm narrowband filter, a zero-dimensional plasma chemistry model is used to estimate the expected relative intensities of these emission bands in sprites. The computed 1PN(2) brightness in a single streamer is 1.4 MR and 2.6 kR for the O(2) atm band emissions at frame integration times of 30 ms. In the 762 nm passband, the 1PN(2) emissions are the dominant emissions in sprites, and the ratio of 1PN(2) to O(2) atmospheric emissions is similar to 500, while the hydroxyl emissions can be neglected. In this ISUAL 762 nm campaign, the brightest sprite out of the four recorded events has possible O(2) atm band emissions that lasted more than 90 ms, and its observed brightness is consistent with the model prediction. Even though the lightning 762 nm emissions are strongly absorbed by O(2) below 60 km, the ISUAL observed parent lightning emissions in this passband are still more than a factor of two brighter than those from ISUAL observed sprites. Hence for spacecraft nadir TLE detection missions, 762 nm bands may not be used as the sole signature to identify sprites, and auxiliary emission bands are needed.
    Relation: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
    Appears in Collections:[太空科學研究所 ] 期刊論文

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