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|Title: ||Integrating borehole-breakout dimensions, strength criteria, and leak-off test results, to constrain the state of stress across the Chelungpu Fault, Taiwan|
|Issue Date: ||2012-03-27 17:36:06 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||The paper describes the computation of the maximum horizontal stress (sigma(H)) magnitude in the vicinity of the Chelungpu Fault, Taiwan, host of the slip zone during the Chi-Chi earthquake (M(w) 7.6; 1999). The scientific hole B intercepts the Chelungpu Fault at 1136 m. At the depths of logged breakouts (940-1310 m), the vertical stress (sigma(v)) as estimated from density logs increases linearly with depth from 22 to 31 MPa. A series of leak-off tests yielded two reliable shut-in pressures, 23.7 MPa at 1085 m and 29.8 MPa at 1279 m, which are lower than the estimated sigma(v), albeit by only 2.1 and 0.6 MPa, respectively. In our analysis the shut-in pressures were considered to represent estimates of the least horizontal principal stresses (sigma(h)) at the respective depths, and consequently the test-induced fractures were assumed to have been vertical. Principal stress directions had been previously determined by others (105 degrees-155 degrees for the maximum horizontal stress, sigma(H), except in the immediate vicinity of the Chelungpu Fault). The contribution of this paper is the estimation of the sigma(H) magnitude by considering that the state of stress at the points of intersection between breakout and borehole wall is in a state of limit equilibrium with the true triaxial strength criterion. The resulting sigma(H) in the range of logged breakouts increases with depth from 55 MPa at 940 m to 59 MPa at 1310 m. Thus, the estimated state of stress prevailing across the Chelungpu Fault is compatible with strike-slip, but marginally also with thrust faulting. However, the likelihood that the shut-in pressures actually represent sigma(v) magnitudes, and that the leak-off test-induced fractures were sub-horizontal, cannot be ignored. In that case the state of stress would clearly favor thrust faulting. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||[地球物理研究所] 期刊論文|
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