We investigate the fault parameters of the 2005 Miyagi-Oki (Japan) earthquake using duration variations of teleseismic P-waves. The results show that the earthquake has a thrust-type mechanism and a seismic moment of 4.46 x 10(19) Nm. Rupture directivity analysis suggests that the earthquake occurred as a result of a bilateral faulting on the fault plane with a strike of 247 degrees, a dip of 17 degrees and a slip of 125 degrees. The optimal rupture azimuth, measured counterclockwise from the strike on the fault plane, is 170 degrees (or 350 degrees). The rupture length and average source duration are estimated to be 73.4 km and 14.5 sec, respectively. Thus the rupture velocity is 2.53 km sec(-1) (similar to 0.57 times the value of S-wave velocity), which is lower than the value for other similarly sized earthquakes. This implies that the 2005 Miyagi-Oki earthquake was probably a slow event. Consequently, there may have been less release of high-frequency seismic energy, leading to lower radiated seismic energy and radiation efficiency (similar to 0.32 - 0.48). In other words, relatively larger fracture energy occurred during earthquake faulting in addition to the heat due to friction. The ratio of the static stress drop to the apparent stress (> 2.0) also suggests that the earthquake can be modeled as a frictional overshoot in a stress model, which implies the transformation of a lower percentage of strain energy into seismic-wave energy during the process of earthquake rupturing.