We utilize an integrated permeability and porosity measurement system to measure the stress dependent permeability and porosity of Pliocene to Pleistocene sedimentary rocks from a 2000m borehole. Experiments were conducted by first gradually increasing the confining pressure from 3 to 120 MPa and then subsequently reducing it back to 3 MPa. The permeability of the sand stone remained within an arrow range (10(-14)-10(-13)m(2)). The permeability of the shale was more sensitive to the effective confining pressure(varying by two to three orders of magnitude) than the sand stone, possibly due to the existence of microcracks in the shale. Meanwhile, the sandstone and shale showed a similar sensitivity of porosity to effective pressure, where by porosity was reduced by about 10-20% when the confining pressure was increased from 3 to 120 MPa. The experimental results indicate that the fit of the models to the data points can be improved by using a power law instead of an exponential relationship. To extrapolate the permeability or porosity under larger confining pressure (e.g. 300 MPa) using a straight line in a log-log plot might induce unreasonable error, but might be adequate to predict the stress dependent permeability or porosity within the experimental stress range. Part of the permeability and porosity decrease observed during loading is irreversible during unloading. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROCK MECHANICS AND MINING SCIENCES