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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/50849

    Title: An assessment and test of Enceladus as an important source of Saturn's ring atmosphere and ionosphere
    Authors: Tseng,WL;Ip,WH
    Contributors: 天文研究所
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-03-27 18:11:23 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: The existence of an oxygen exosphere and ionosphere in Saturn's main ring region has been confirmed by the Saturn Orbital Insertion (SOI) observations of the Cassini spacecraft. Through the ion-molecule collisions, the ring atmosphere could serve as a source of O(2)(+) ions throughout Saturn's magnetosphere. If photolysis of ice in the main rings is the dominant source of O(2). then the complex structure of the ring atmosphere/ionosphere and the injection rate of neutral O(2) will be subject to modulation by the seasonal variation of Saturn along its orbit (Tseng, Wei-Ling, 1p, W.-H., Johnson, R.E., Cassidy, T.A., Erlod, M.K. [2010]. Icarus 206,382-389). In addition, the radio and plasma wave science (RPWS) instrument onboard Cassini found that a large amount of the Enceladus-originated water-group plasma would be deposited on the outer edge of the A ring (Farrell, W.M., Kaiser, M.L., Gurnett, D.A., Kurth, W.S., Persoon, A.M., Wahlund, J.E., Canu, P. [2008]. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L02203). A large amount of Enceladus' plume neutrals (water-group neutrals) would collide with the main rings through collisional interaction with the ambient neutrals and plasma ions Jurac, S., Richardson, J.D. [2007]. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L08102; Cassidy, T.A., Johnson, R.E. [2010]. Icarus, in press). These absorbed ions and neutrals could be recycled to neutral oxygen molecules via grain-surface chemistry to contribute the ring oxygen atmosphere. In this work, we have examined the mass budget of the ring oxygen atmosphere of Saturn taking into account such an "exogenic" source. The maximum O(2) source rate from recycling of Enceladus-originated plasma and neutrals is probably comparable or higher to the one from photolytic decomposition of ices. In the above case, the neutral O(2) source rate would be independent of the solar insolation angle. Therefore, even at Saturn's Equinox, the extended oxygen atmosphere still could be an important supplier of oxygen ions in the saturnian magnetosphere. We have performed several studies for different recycling source rates from Enceladus. These predictions need further the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer (CAPS) and the Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument (MIMI) observations to be verified in future. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Relation: ICARUS
    Appears in Collections:[天文研究所] 期刊論文

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