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|Title: ||Relativistic jet activity from the tidal disruption of a star by a massive black hole|
|Keywords: ||X-RAY OUTBURSTS;SWIFT;EVENTS;FLARES;TELESCOPE;NUCLEUS;MISSION;GALAXY;GRBS|
|Issue Date: ||2012-03-27 18:12:48 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||Supermassive black holes have powerful gravitational fields with strong gradients that can destroy stars that get too close(1,2), producing a bright flare in ultraviolet and X-ray spectral regions from stellar debris that forms an accretion disk around the black hole(3-7). The aftermath of this process may have been seen several times over the past two decades in the form of sparsely sampled, slowly fading emission from distant galaxies(8-14), but the onset of the stellar disruption event has not hitherto been observed. Here we report observations of a bright X-ray flare from the extragalactic transient Swift J164449.3+573451. This source increased in brightness in the X-ray band by a factor of at least 10,000 since 1990 and by a factor of at least 100 since early 2010. We conclude that we have captured the onset of relativistic jet activity from a supermassive black hole. A companion paper(15) comes to similar conclusions on the basis of radio observations. This event is probably due to the tidal disruption of a star falling into a supermassive black hole, but the detailed behaviour differs from current theoretical models of such events.|
|Appears in Collections:||[天文研究所] 期刊論文|
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