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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/519

    Title: 台灣地區瀝青混凝土路面品質管理系統之研究;The Study on Quality Management System for Taiwan Area Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement
    Authors: 王盈傑;Ying-Jie Wang
    Contributors: 土木工程研究所
    Keywords: 品質管制;品質保證;品質驗收計畫;統計學;付款因子;Quality Control;Quality Assurance;Quality Acceptance Plans;Statistics;Pay Factors
    Date: 2000-06-29
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 17:06:57 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 今日的交通型態以舒適性為主要訴求,然而現行的材料規範與配合設計準則並無法滿足鋪面的服務成效;而且傳統的品質管理型態易使承包商以利潤為成本考量,造成台灣地區道路品質日漸低落,維護修補預算逐年增高的窘境。本研究針對現行的材料規範、配合設計方法、品質管理系統與品質驗收計畫探討各品質因素的適用性,並參照NCHRP所建立的超級鋪面品質管理系統與AASHTO R9-97的品質驗收計畫,採用統計學的觀念,擬訂台灣地區瀝青混凝土路面工程之QC/QA品質規範。 QC/QA品質規範主要包含承包廠商與監造單位的權責劃分、材料品質的管制、配合設計方法的實用性和合理的品質驗收計畫等,由承包商直接控制瀝青混凝土的生產過程,使得品質管制更有效率,而監造單位則負責品質保證的工作,可增加品質資訊的回饋速率,並減少路面的生命週期成本;材料性質與配合設計方法的選用則必須考量成效預估模式的關聯性,能有效評估路面服務成效的優劣;品質驗收計畫必須以統計學為基礎,建立合理的驗收標準,並結合工程品質的付款因子,激勵承包商投入自主品質管制的行列。 在品質管理系統的發展上,QC/QA品質管理制度改變了工程單位和承包商的傳統關係,由工程單位和承包商共同解決所遭遇的問題,在這種既監督又合作的關係下,結合獎懲的驗收方式,可以矯正「品質是檢驗出來」的迷思,提升道路工程品質。 The current material specifications and mix design criteria can’t satisfy service performance of pavement. And traditional quality management is easy to make contractors concerning prime cost based on profit. That eventually makes pavement quality in Taiwan to be worse and worse, and makes the budgets of maintenance and repair increasing year by year. This study is trying to find out applications of all quality factors, includes current material specifications, mix design methods, quality management system and quality acceptance plans, etc. On referring Superpave quality management system set by NCHRP and quality acceptance plans of AASHTO R9-97. Drafting QC/QA construction specifications for ensuring engineering quality of asphalt concrete pavement in Taiwan. In developing of quality management system, QC/QA quality management system changes the historical relationship of engineer and contractors, and they can work together to sort out difficulties. This management system can increase the speed of quality information feedback, then also decreases the life cycle cost of pavement. The good performance estimated model between material properties and mix design method. That can improve the pavement quality from simulating in laboratory. And we combine incentive and disincentive pay to correct the confusion of “quality is built in inspection.” Through total construction specifications, we can increase the engineering quality of pavement.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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