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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/534


    Title: 影像最佳類別數目之研究;The Validity Measurement of Fuzzy C-means Classifier for Remotely Sensed Images
    Authors: 李志明;J-M Lee
    Contributors: 土木工程研究所
    Keywords: 分類指標;非監督性分類;模糊分類;cluster validity index;unsupervised classificati
    Date: 2001-07-16
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 17:07:14 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 傳統的多光譜衛星影像分類方法一般分為監督性分類(super- vised classification)與非監督性分類(unsupervised classifi- cation)。監督性分類在訓練階段通常需要人工介入選取訓練區,當 類別較混雜時,此階段將是件費時且費力的工作。非監督性分類通 常需要人工介入部分是類別數目的給定,相對而言則較自動化。但 是,如何給定正確的類別數目這也是非監督性分類最困難的部分, 依據前人研究得知,可利用分類指標(cluster validity index) 作為類別數目判斷的參考。 一般非監督性的分類指標可分明確分類(Hard c-Means)指標 與模糊分類(Fuzzy c-Means)指標。台灣地區由於土地高度開發, 類別混淆情形相當常見,以明確分類方法(如ISODATA)為基礎的 指標容易判斷錯誤,而採用模糊分類方法為基礎的指標因可利用歸 屬值(membership)與模糊程度指標(fuzziness index)調整,相 對來說較具優勢。 一些相關研究顯示,分類指標必須同時考慮類別本身緊密性 (compactness)與類別之間分離性(separation)。因此,本研究嘗 試利用緊密性與分離性的模糊分類指標,應用於台灣地區多光譜衛 星影像非監督性分類的類別數目自動判斷。 This study presents a series of testing procedures to investigate the application of the fuzzy c-means (FCM) algorithm to remote sensing images. The FCM algorithm basically is an unsupervised fuzzy classification, which generally needs the determination of the number of clusters before the algorithm is executed. In addition, due to the mixture of the land cover clusters is normally found in the remote sensing image, it is also important to assign the proper fuzziness index for the fuzzy objective function before the fuzzy analysis can be performed. This study employs a fuzzy clustering validity function, which produces a validity index by calculating the overall average compactness and separation of fuzzy clusters, to measure the valid number of the clusters and estimate the applicable fuzziness index for remote sensing image. Since the validity function is designed to detect compact and separated clusters, the smallest validity index certainly indicates an optimized measurement for cluster numbers and fuzziness index. In order to obtain the smallest validity index, this study designs a series of measurements to compute the validity indexes against different fuzziness indexes and various cluster numbers. The measurements are implemented by using simulated multi-spectral data and SPOT images. The simulated image is used to obtain the applicable range of the fuzziness index. The preliminary result indicates that the fuzziness indexes ranging from 2 to 2.5 are able to cope with the relatively fuzzy images. The primary testing of SPOT images demonstrates that the fuzzy clustering validity function is able to provide the proper guide for the determination of the number of clusters when the FCM algorithm is applied to satellite image classification.
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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