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    题名: 漳州客家話詞彙調查研究;Investigational Comparison Study on the Lexicon of Hakka
    作者: 陳秀琪
    贡献者: 中央大學客家語文研究所
    关键词: 語文;漳州客家話 語言接觸 詞彙比較 詞彙借用 語言融合;Zhangzhou Hakka dialects;language exposure;lexicon comparison;borrowedlexicon;language integration
    日期: 2009-09-01
    上传时间: 2012-10-01 11:56:32 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 行政院國家科學委員會
    摘要: 漳州客家話是指福建漳州的南靖、平和、雲霄、詔安等縣所說的客家話,漳州地區只有上述四個縣有客家話分布。《中國語言地圖集》(1987)的客家話分片中,漳州客家話屬於有客家話分布但不予分片的地區。不予分片是因當時沒有足夠的調查資料,無法將該地區的客家話依語音特色做分片的歸屬。然而,根據筆者《漳州客家話音韻研究-以台灣詔安客家話為代表》、《閩南客家話音韻研究》(陳秀琪 2002、2006),以及國科會「兩案詔安客家話詞彙調查比較研究」(2007 2008)之研究成果,漳州客家話無論是在語音或詞彙方面,都兼具保守與創新,除了具備客家話共有的特點之外,還存在與一般客家話不同的語言現象,這個區域的客家話深具研究價值。在「兩岸詔安客家話詞彙調查比較研究」之研究發現,原鄉的詔安客家話有很豐富的詞彙現象,主要包括詔安客家話特有的詞彙,以及閩客族群語言接觸後的各類詞彙借用與融合方式。延續上述之研究成果,本研究計畫擬完成南靖、平和、雲霄客家話的詞彙調查,以期掌握漳州客家話整體的詞彙使用情況。從構詞方式探討漳州客家話詞彙移借的類型與語言融合的方式,以及詞彙移借對語音系統的影響。除了觀察漳州客家話的詞彙接觸現象之外,本研究透過漳州客家話與其他客家話的詞彙比較,整理出漳州客家話具區域特徵的詞彙特色,以配合筆者提出於《中國語言地圖集》中新增「閩南客家片」之構想,增加「閩南客家片」在語音之外的分片依據。 ; Zhangzhou Hakka dialects refer to the Hakka dialects spoken in Nanjing, Pinghe, Yunsiao, Zhaoan Counties in Zhangzhou, Fujian. Only people in these four counties speak Hakka. In the categorization of the “Language Atlas of China” (1987), Zhangzhou Hakka dialect, despite the fact that the dialect is spoken here, is not categorized as a distinct region for the dialect. The non-categorization resulted from insufficient investigation information at the time, which accordingly made it impossible to categorize the Hakka dialect in the region based on the phonetic characteristic. According to the study results of the author’s “Phonology Study on Zhangzhou Hakka dialect - A Case Study Of Zhaoan Hakka dialect in Taiwan”, “Phonology Study on Hakka dialects in Southern Fujian” (Siou-ci Chen, 2002 and 2006) and the National Science Council “Investigational Comparison Study on the Lexicons of Zhaoan Hakka dialect in Taiwan and China” (2007, 2008), Zhangzhou Hakka dialects are conservative and innovative in both phonetics or lexicon. Besides carrying common characteristics of Hakka, there are other characteristics different from ordinary Hakka. The Hakka dialects spoken in this region are full of research value. In “Investigational Comparison Study on the Lexicons of Zhaoan Hakka dialect in Taiwan and China”, it is found that the Zhaoan Hakka dialect in the hometown is abundant in lexicon, primarily including lexicon that is exclusive of Zhaoan Hakka dialect and the various lexicons from other different dialects in southern Fujian that were integrated after Hakka speakers got in contact with speakers of these other dialects. To continue the study results mentioned above, this research project intends to complete investigating Hakka dialects in Nanjing, Pinghe, and Yunsiao Counties for the ultimate goal of keeping track of the overall application of the lexicon of Hakka dialects in Zhangzhou and to discuss how lexicons were borrowed from other local dialects and the way the dialects were integrated in Hakka dialects in Zhangzhou as well as the influence of lexicon transfer on the phonetic system from phrase structures. Besides observing the contact of Zhangzhou Hakka dialects with lexicons of other local dialects, this research compares Zhangzhou Hakka dialects with other Hakka dialects and sorts out the region-specific lexicon characteristics of Hakka dialects in Zhangzhou in order to answer to the author’s idea of adding the “Hakka Division in Southern Fujian” to the Language Atlas of China to serve as the categorization criteria for the Hakka Division in Southern Fujian besides phonetics. ; 研究期間 9808 ~ 9907
    關聯: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    显示于类别:[客家語文研究所] 研究計畫

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