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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/5693


    Title: 延散效應對水岩交互作用反應波前的影響;Effect of Dispersion on Reactive Fronts of Water-Rock Interaction
    Authors: 賴庚辛;Geng-Xin Lai
    Contributors: 應用地質研究所
    Keywords: 延散效應;反應波前;傳輸;波鋒行為圖;dispersion;reactive front;front behavior diagr
    Date: 2008-07-07
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 09:59:47 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 當地下流體因水頭差而流動,其流動過程常會帶動化學物種之遷移,使得地下流動流體、多孔隙介質與化學物種之間產生溶解反應,使得多孔隙介質之孔隙率改變,進而改變多孔隙介質之水力傳導係數等水文地質物理特性參數。當反應流體優先進入孔隙率較高地區,將會造成反應波前的不穩定現象,反應波前的型態將會受到地下水上游壓力梯度及孔隙率較高地區分佈影響,其中擴散/延散效應可壓制反應波前的不穩定現象。 過去的研究多為探討地下流體流動緩慢下之現象,只考慮化學物種之擴散傳輸,在模式上多忽略了延散傳輸之影響,然而在許多情況下地下水流速不見得會緩慢,此條件下化學物種延散傳輸顯得比擴散傳輸更為重要,因此本研究在數值模式中加入延散傳輸,並比較擴散傳輸及延散傳輸對反應波前的影響。本研究之數值方法耦合地下流體流動、化學物種傳輸、地球化學反應之非線性偏微分方程組,利用逐步迭代法結合隱式有限差分法求解。 經數值模式分析結果發現,延散度將影響反應波前形態的發展,延散度增加將造成單波鋒反應波前縮短、雙波鋒反應波前合併。當上游地下水壓力梯度在2到5之間、初始雙擾動之間距在1.25至2.25之間,雙波鋒反應波前之型態將會發展為單波鋒。 While flowing through a porous medium, migration of solute causes mineral dissolution thereby increasing its porosity and ultimately permeability. The reactive fluid flows preferentially into highly permeable zones, which are therefore dissolved most rapidly, producing a further preferential permeability enhancement. Thus, the reactive front may be unstable. A reactive front will be affected by upstream pressure gradient and initial local non-uniformities. Previous studies neglected dispersion process and considered that solute is only transported by diffusion. This study takes dispersion into consideration and investigates the effect of dispersion process on evolution of reactive front. An implicit sequential iteration approach method is used to solve a set of nonlinear equations coupled with fluid flow, species transport, and fluid-rock reaction. Results show that the dispersion have significant effects on shape of reactive front. Increasing dispersion will cause that double fingers develop into single finger in cases that upstream pressure gradient is between 2 and 5, initial local non-uniformities spacing is between 1.25 and 2.25.
    Appears in Collections:[應用地質研究所] 博碩士論文

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