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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/5908

    Title: 複合高分子電解質結構與電性之研究;Porous PVDF with LiClO4 complex as solid and wet polymer electrolyte
    Authors: 沈育仁;Yu-Zen Shan
    Contributors: 化學研究所
    Keywords: 聚偏氟乙烯;高分子電解質;酚醛樹酯;polymer electrolyte;poly(vinylidene fluoride);phenolic
    Date: 2003-06-17
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 10:10:06 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 中文摘要: 高分子電解質主要的研究焦點集中在高分子中摻合不同的化合物或鹽類,其目的是欲增加高分子與離子的運動性,提高整體導電性。除此之外,更能改善高分子的界面穩定性與尺寸安定性。PVDF具有良好的機械性質、高的介電常數及高表面張力,對酸與鹼都有優良的抗腐蝕特性,與現今所使用的高分子複合電極有好的接著性。本研究中以PVDF為高分子母體,加入鋰鹽及酚醛樹酯(Phenolic)形成複合高分子電解質,並藉由FTIR、DSC、TGA、XRD、SEM及CV等儀器探討高分子物理性質、運動性質、結構關係及傳導機制。此外,本研究更開發高分子電解質之新製備方法,即是在PVDF溶液中進行酚醛樹酯聚合,使PVDF與酚醛產生緊密纏繞作用,降低PVDF結晶性。 本研究結果顯示鋰離子之移動主要是在PVDF孔洞間與非結晶區塊進行傳遞,酚醛樹酯加入除了能降低PVDF的結晶度、提高鹽類之解離度,亦能降低PVDF表面張力而改變其孔洞大小及分佈。此結果可以改進電解液之吸附行為,增加與電極界面接著力而降低PVDF與鋰金屬電極之間的界面問題。實驗結果證實我們設計之新型電解質製備方法之可行性,在膠態電解質系統中,酚醛的加入更可減緩鋰金屬上鈍化膜的生成,進而可延長電池使用上的壽命與循環效率。 Abstract PVDF has good mechanical properties, high dielectric, high surface tension and resistance to acidic and basic corrosion. Porosity and torousity of the film affected the solvent uptake and ion conductivity. Numerous modifications have been explored to improve these properties. This investigation presents a new approach in preparing the solid polymer electrolyte by composite novolac type phenolic with poly (vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF). Both post solvent blending and in-situ approach where phenolic polymerization is achieved in the PVDF solution are performed and compared. The new material shows improved mechanical property and conductivity. Varieties of techniques such as XRD, TGA, SEM, CV and Impedance spectroscopy etc., are performed to evaluate these properties and ion mobility. Our research showed lithium ion transports through both amorphous domain and the surface side of PVDF facing macro-pore. The presence of phenolic in composite PVDF/Li improves conductivity, salt dissociation and decreased PVDF crystallinility. Furthermore, it modifies the dielectric constant, which decreases the surface tension and leads to smaller sol size and distribution in the film formation. As a result of the increased connection with the electrode due to the smaller sol formation, the junction barrier of interface (Lithium and PVDF) is increased. Furthermore, the in-situ preparative methods of the novel composite polymer electrolyte shows improved physical strength, high ionic conductivity suitable for solvent-free electrolyte. Although solvent uptake is hindered due to presence of phenolic, its applications as gel polymer electrolytes (GPE) has demonstrated satisfactory lifetime performance and recycle efficient in Li-ion battery.
    Appears in Collections:[化學研究所] 博碩士論文

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